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Spatial characterization of bovine brucelosis in São Paulo State, Brazil

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Ricardo Augusto Dias
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Fernando Ferreira; Marcos Amaku; José Soares Ferreira Neto; Vitor Salvador Picão Gonçalves; Valéria Stacchini Ferreira Homem
Advisor: Fernando Ferreira

The present work is the result of a partnership established by the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply (MAPA), the Animal and Plant Health Service of the State of São Paulo (CDA) and the Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health of the University of São Paulo (VPS-FMVZ-USP). The State of São Paulo was stratified in seven cattle production regions and 150 herds with reproductive activity were randomly sampled within each one. In each herd was applied an epidemiological questionnaire, 10 or 15 cows over 24 months of age (on herds with < 100 cows, and herds &ge; 100 cows, respectively) were bled at random and the geographical coordinates were recorded with a GPS. Sera were tested using a serial test-ing procedure with the Rose Bengal Test as the screening method and the Complement Fixation as the con-firmatory method. The estimated prevalence of herds with at least one test-positive animal was 9.7% [7.8%; 11.6%], whereas the estimated prevalence of test-positive cattle was 3.8% [0.7%; 6.9%]. It was developed a georeferenced thematic map of the state of São Paulo, which revealed the absence of spatial clusters of infected herds. The analysis looked into the likely association of herd characteristics with the presence of the infection. The most associated characteristics were farms with more than 87 bovines (OR = 2.25) and reproduction animals reposition (OR = 1.56). A mathematical model was proposed in the present work, in wich the female vaccination effort was proposed to be intensificated, but according to the same model, the benefits of this measure will only be noticed, in terms of brucellosis prevalence and number of abortions decrease, in a matter of decades. (AU)