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Delayed surgical recovery: concept analysis

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Author(s):
Adilson Edson Romanzini
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Cristina Maria Galvao; Emilia Campos de Carvalho; Anamaria Alves Napoleão
Advisor: Cristina Maria Galvao
Abstract

The safety of surgical care has emerged as a global public health problem. The surgical recovery process is dynamic and lengthy and can be influenced by different factors, which affect the patients\' recovery in the negative or positive sense. Adverse postoperative events affect between 78 and 86% of patients, with surgical wound alterations as one of the main complications. The general objective in this study was to analyze the concept delayed surgical recovery. Therefore, Rodgers\' concept analysis model was elected to support the research development and the integrative review to accomplish the second activity in the model adopted. In the course of the integrative review, the search for primary studies mainly covered the databases PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE and LILACS, using controlled and non-controlled descriptors, selected according to the particularity of each database. In the adopted search strategy, the controlled and non-controlled descriptors were combined in different manners to guarantee a broad search. Hence, out of 1,155 potentially eligible primary studies, 103 were secondary studies, 836 did not comply with the established selection criteria and150 were repeated references. Thus, the integrative review sample consisted of 66 primary studies. Data were extracted from the primary studies with the help of an instrument, which was submitted to face and content validation. The results were synthesized descriptively, permitting the construction of the other activities proposed in Rodgers\' concept analysis model. In the analysis of the delayed surgical recovery concept, previous experiences were identified as the antecedent, including physiological, psychological, environmental and surgical procedure-related aspects, which can influence the recovery process. The attributes of delayed surgical recovery were defined as: alteration in the surgical recovery process, commitment of physiological functions, commitment of psychological functions, reduced energy (strength) level, limited ability to reestablish activities and extent of recovery time. The attributes consequent to the surgical recovery process are expressed as: clinical manifestations, re-interventions, dependence on care and reduced quality of life. Hence, delayed surgical recovery was defined as alteration in the surgical recovery process, involving the commitment of physiological and psychological functions, putting a high demand on the patient\'s energy reserves which limits the ability to reestablish and perform activities of daily living, extending the recovery time to reach a health condition that is better or equivalent to the preoperative period. The understanding of the delayed surgical recovery process permits characterizing the phenomena, describing situations and establishing effective communication, providing competences to monitor and assess surgical patients, thus permitting the implementation of effective interventions and, consequently, the achievement of better patient outcomes and well-being. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/02711-6 - Delayed surgical recovery nursing diagnosis: integrative review
Grantee:Adilson Edson Romanzini
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master