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Viability studies of packaging and storage temperatures on postharvest quality of camucamu [Myrciaria dubia (HBK) McVaugh]

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Author(s):
Jacqueline de Oliveira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marta Helena Fillet Spoto; Solange Guidolin Canniatti Brazaca; Rodrigo Rodrigues Petrus
Advisor: Marta Helena Fillet Spoto
Abstract

The camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia), native fruit of the Amazon region and of São Paulo state crop, possesses a large potential for export and domestic market because of its high nutritional value high levels of antioxidants such as vitamin C and phenolic compounds. However, this tropical fruit is very perishable and their postharvest life is limited by physiological deterioration and development of rot pathogens. Thus, the aim of this work was to evaluate the postharvest conservation of camu-camu fruit by cooling and modified atmosphere by the films of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), biaxially oriented polypropylene of 20 ?m thickness (BOPP20) and biaxially oriented polypropylene 50 ?m thickness (BOPP50) and thus assess the durability compared to control (uncoated fruits films) and the feasibility of exporting. The fruits were stored in refrigerator with controlled temperature at 5 ± 1°C and 90 ± 2% RH for 15 days, when part of the samples was kept in this condition and other two parts were removed to conditions that simulated the marketing of the fruit with breaking the cold chain (10 and 15 ± 1°C, 90 ± 2% RH). The physical, chemical and physiological analysis, and the incidence of rot were evaluated every two days of storage and the experimental design was randomized, with the first stage of the experiment (15 days at 5°C) in a double factorial (4 packs x 8 storage periods) and in the second stage by triple factorial, or 4 packs x 3 temperatures (5, 10 and 15°C) x 5 storage periods. The fruits packed withplastic films had the lowest weight loss compared to unpacked fruits (control), which already showed themselves unfit for sale after 15 days due to shriveling and wrinkling the skin, in addition to the high incidence decay. The soluble solids, pH, titratable acidity, ratio, ascorbic acid and phenolic compounds were not influenced significantly by the packaging and showed lower variations at storage, there was no break by the cold (5 ± 1°C). The fruits packed with BOPP also proved unsuitable to 15 days, since the most of this gas barrier film over the PVC caused the accumulation of CO2 around the fruits producing fermentation process and consequently, loss of anthocyanins, skin color and firmness, these losses were intensified with increasing of storage temperature. Thus, maintaining the temperature about 5°Cthrough the storage period was important for post-harvest storage of camu-camu, since under these conditions results showed less changes. This low temperature associated with packing PVC improved the life of the fruits with the highest conservation of chemical and physical qualities, for 23 days. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/14435-0 - Packaging and storage temperatures in camu-camu (Myrciaria dubious) for export
Grantee:Jacqueline de Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master