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Morphophysiological effects of chronic stress and exodontia in the masseter muscle of rats

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Author(s):
Ricardo Alexandre Junqueira Calzzani
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Christie Ramos Andrade Leite Panissi; Carla Gabrielli; Maria Bernadete Sasso Stuani
Advisor: Mamie Mizusaki Iyomasa
Abstract

Stress seems to favor the hyperalgesia and allodynia, which may be related with altered masticatory muscle function. Morphological and physiological changes in the masticatory muscles induced by occlusal alteration associated with chronic stress are still scarce in the literature. This study investigated the effects of repeated chronic stress in superficial and deep masseter muscle of rats with or without the extraction unilateral weight gain of animals and morphological changes (HE MET), histochemical (NADH, SDH and ROS), immunohistochemical (laminin and CD31), MMP-2, -9 activities and neutrophil infiltration (MPO). Twenty rats (male, 200g) were allocated into four groups (n=5): control group (CG), unilateral exodontia (MG), repeated chronic stress (EG), extodontia and repeated chronic stress (MEG). EG and MEG were submitted to 10 days of repeated chronic stress protocol, 2 hours daily, from the 14th day after the extraction. There was a significant decrease in weight gain of animals EG and MEG. No changes were observed in the levels of MMPs and neutrophil infiltration among different groups. EG, MG and MEG have shown morphophisyological, ultrastructural and histochemical changes with specific characteristics and distinct GC GE presenting the higher changes. We conclude that the exodontia and its association to stress were responsible for discrete morphophysiological changes in the masseter muscle of rats, however repeated chronic stress caused significant morphophysiological and ultrastructural changes, being also responsible for change in weight of the animals. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/15209-7 - Effects of repeated chronic stress in masseter muscle under masticatory hypofunction
Grantee:Ricardo Alexandre Junqueira Calzzani
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master