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Influence of the enzyme indolamine-2 ,3-dioxygenase in the differentiation and function of regulatory T and dendritic cells in the paracoccidioidomycosis of susceptible and resistant mice to Paracoccidioides brasiliensis.

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Author(s):
Eliseu Frank de Araujo
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Vera Lucia Garcia Calich; Ana Campa; Anderson de Sá Nunes; Jean Pierre Schatzmann Peron; Angela Maria Victoriano de Campos Soares
Advisor: Vera Lucia Garcia Calich
Abstract

Paracoccidioidomycosis is acquired by the respiratory route and the enzyme indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and tryptophan catabolism are involved in the control of innate and adaptive immunity against pathogens. We investigated the role of IDO in the infection in susceptible (B10.A) and resistant (A/J) mice. We characterized the effect of treatment with 1-Methyl-DL-Tryptophan (1MT) in the behavior and phenotype of dendritic cells (DCs) and regulatory T cells (Tregs) from A/J and B10.A for expression of IDO. IDO controls the fungal load in A/J and B10.A, reducing the immunity of CD4 and CD8 T cells and Tregs increased. IDO decreased the migration of DCs to the lung of A/J and B10.A and inhibition of anti-inflammatory activity of IDO by 1MT has a deleterious effect only in B10.A whose susceptibility is linked to excessive proinflammatory activity. Infection of A/J and B10.A appears to induce catalytic functions of IDO. Much of the function IDO immunoregulatory mechanisms paracoccidioidomycosis is done by modulating the function of DCs in A/J and B10.A. (AU)