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Voz d\'Angola clamando no deserto: protest and demand in Luanda (1881-1901)

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Helena Wakim Moreno
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Leila Maria Gonçalves Leite Hernandez; Muryatan Santana Barbosa; Vima Lia de Rossi Martin
Advisor: Leila Maria Gonçalves Leite Hernandez

This study´s purpose is to analyze Voz d´Angola clamando no deserto offerecida aos amigos da verdade pelos naturaes (1901), a collective and anonymous work composed of eleven articles published by the filhos do país who lived in Luanda and surrounding countryside. A frontier group, product of the encounter between the Mbundu and the Portuguese, the filhos do país had operated as slave traders since the seventeenth century, when we find the first registers of their presence in the colony. After the slave trafficking prohibition, they were able to find intermediate and low positions in colonial administration due to their literate education, but only because the Portuguese government was short on employees. Since the 1880´s, pressed by territorial disputes with other European countries in Africa, Portugal started to encourage Portuguese people to immigrate to Angola, and as a consequence, the filhos do país were gradually dismissed from positions in the government. By that same time, the first written press organs were established and directed by filhos do país in Luanda, and in their pages they wrote about protests against the situation, criticism toward the government and confrontations with Portuguese settlers. Amid this confrontation scenario the Voz d´Angola clamando no deserto is published, and is recognized as the strongest expression of the filhos do país generation. Supported by various document sources and through interpretation of the work´s articles, this study seeks to demonstrate how they exert harsh criticism to oppressive situations the Africans were submitted due to the Portuguese colonization, bringing up advances when compared to other publications of the filhos do país, but also bringing up the limitations of its time. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/15953-8 - Voz d'Angola clamando no deserto: protest and demand in Luanda (1881-1901)
Grantee:Helena Wakim Moreno
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master