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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Bioactivity of Pelargonium graveolens essential oil and related monoterpenoids against sweet potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci biotype B

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Author(s):
Baldin, Edson L. L. [1] ; Aguiar, Gabriela P. [2] ; Fanela, Thiago L. M. [1] ; Soares, Muriel C. E. [1] ; Groppo, Milton [3] ; Crotti, Antonio E. M. [4]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Ciencias Agron, Dept Protecao Vegetal, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Franca, Nucleo Pesquisas Ciencias Exatas & Tecnol, Franca, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biol, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Quim, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, BR-14040901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF PEST SCIENCE; v. 88, n. 1, p. 191-199, MAR 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 12
Abstract

The sweet potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Gennadius biotype B (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), causes high economic losses in vegetables, beans, soybeans, peanuts, cotton, and several ornamental plants. Repeated spray applications of synthetic pesticides has led B. tabaci to develop resistance to numerous conventional insecticides, besides polluting the environment. In this work, we investigated the bioactivity of the essential oil of Pelargonium graveolens L'Her (Geraniaceae) (PG-EO) and some related monoterpenes against the sweet potato whitefly Bemisia tabaci Gennadius biotype B (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in tomato. This oil significantly reduced the number of B. tabaci adults on tomato leaflets. The deterrence experiments showed similar results for PG-EO, geraniol, and citronellol; however, citronellol was more effective than PG-EO. In fumigation tests, the essential oil of P. graveolens caused 100 % mortality of adults of B. tabaci biotype B at concentrations from 0.5 mu L L-1 in air. The vapor toxicity of geraniol, linalool, and citronellol, the main chemical constituents of the essential oil of P. graveolens (PG-EO), was similar to that of PG-EO. These results suggest that PG-EO and its related monoterpenes are potentially applicable to develop effective natural product-based pest-management compounds. (AU)