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Chatter avoidance using piezoelectric material considering non-linear aspects in turning operations

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Giuliana Sardi Venter
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Maíra Martins da Silva; Anselmo Eduardo Diniz; Aline Souza de Paula
Advisor: Maíra Martins da Silva

Chatter is a self-excited vibration that leads to instability during ongoing machining, which affects productivity. Chatter instability causes poor surface quality, diminishes the tool\'s life and may cause clatter. Therefore, strategies to control chatter and chatter models are highly necessary, and must be evaluated and implemented. In an experimental campaign done during this work, characteristics such as natural frequencies, frequency responses and temporal responses were obtained. Trough these analysis, it was observed that the system presents a coupling in its two normal directions of vibration. One strategy for chatter reduction was then implemented, in which a passive shunt using piezoelectric material was used. The feasibility of this chatter reduction strategy for one direction could be verified. In addition, the strategy was adapted in order to be utilized in both main vibration directions and the results confirmed that this approach grants better results for the reduction of chatter. Phase-planes, temporal responses and spectras could also be derived from the turning experiments and a nonlinear behavior could be seen present. Being verified the possibility of using a piezoelectric material in chatter control, numerical models that describe the phenomena should be pursued, so that more effective active control could be developed. Because the experiments show the mode coupling between two directions and a nonlinear behavior, models that represent such characteristics were studied, modified and adapted. The numerical results from this models were then compared to the experiments and conclusions were drawn. Considering the obtained results, it is believed that the most similar model should be used in the development of active control that could guarantee a better chatter reduction. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/22470-6 - Regenerative chatter avoidance using piezoelectric material considering non-linear aspects in turning operations
Grantee:Giuliana Sardi Venter
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master