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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Structure, Organization, and Expression of the Alpha Prolamin Multigenic Family Bring New Insights into the Evolutionary Relationships among Grasses

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Correa de Souza, Rafael Soares [1] ; Balbuena, Tiago Santana [2] ; Arruda, Paulo [1, 3]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Ctr Biol Mol & Engn Genet, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Dept Tecnol, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Genet & Evolucao, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLANT GENOME; v. 8, n. 1 MAR 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Prolamins are the major seed storage proteins of grasses. In maize and related species, prolamins are classified into alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-subclasses by their solubility properties. alpha-prolamins are encoded by multigene families and have a secondary structure that consists of tandem alpha-helix repeats. Maize has two alpha-prolamin subclasses, namely the 19 and 22 kDa subclasses that contain nine and 10 alpha-helix repeats, respectively. Here, we present an evolutionary study based on the structure, organization, and expression of alpha-prolamins in maize, sugarcane, sorghum, and coix. True 22 kDa subclasses containing 10 repeats are conserved in all four species, but true 19 kDa subclasses containing nine repeats are found only in maize and sugarcane. We discovered a 19 kD alpha-like a-coixin that, as in sorghum, is encoded by few genes. These data suggest that a 19 kDa progenitor present in the ancestor common to maize, coix, sorghum, and sugarcane was preserved at low copy number in coix and sorghum, while amplified into multigene family architecture in maize and sugarcane. The expression profiling of alpha-prolamins, verified by two-dimensional gels, showed highly conserved multispot composition for the 19 kDa alpha-prolamins in maize and sugarcane. Coix and sorghum did not present true 19 kDa alpha-prolamin spots. Our data show remarkable similarity between maize and sugarcane 19 kDa alpha-prolamins regarding both gene structure and expression. Since the multigene architecture of 19 kDa alpha-canein appeared after sugarcane diverged from sorghum, our data suggest that maize and sugarcane might have acquired the multigene family encoding these storage proteins from a common ancestor. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/11650-0 - Changes in the protein expression profile of eucalyptus globulus in response to variations in the growth temperature and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration
Grantee:Tiago Santana Balbuena
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/12431-0 - Structure and organization of prolamin multigenic family: philogenetic relationship among maize, sorghum, sugarcane and coix
Grantee:Rafael Soares Correa de Souza
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation