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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Nitric Oxide Released from Luminal S-Nitroso-N-Acetylcysteine Increases Gastric Mucosal Blood Flow

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Author(s):
de Souza, Gabriela F. P. [1] ; Taladriz-Blanco, Patricia [1] ; Velloso, Licio A. [2] ; de Oliveira, Marcelo G. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Inst Chem, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Med Sci, UNICAMP, BR-13084970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Molecules; v. 20, n. 3, p. 4109-4123, 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO)-mediated vasodilation plays a key role in gastric mucosal defense, and NO-donor drugs may protect against diseases associated with gastric mucosal blood flow (GMBF) deficiencies. In this study, we used the ex vivo gastric chamber method and Laser Doppler Flowmetry to characterize the effects of luminal aqueous NO-donor drug S-nitroso-N-acetylcysteine (SNAC) solution administration compared to aqueous NaNO2 and NaNO3 solutions (pH 7.4) on GMBF in Sprague-Dawley rats. SNAC solutions (600 mu M and 12 mM) led to a rapid threefold increase in GMBF, which was maintained during the incubation of the solutions with the gastric mucosa, while NaNO2 or NaNO3 solutions (12 mM) did not affect GMBF. SNAC solutions (600 mu M and 12 mM) spontaneously released NO at 37 degrees C at a constant rate of 0.3 or 14 nmol center dot mL(-1)center dot min(-1), respectively, while NaNO2 (12 mM) released NO at a rate of 0.06 nmol center dot mL(-1)center dot min(-1) and NaNO3 (12 mM) did not release NO. These results suggest that the SNAC-induced GMBF increase is due to their higher rates of spontaneous NO release compared to equimolar NaNO2 solutions. Taken together, our data indicate that oral SNAC administration is a potential approach for gastric acid-peptic disorder prevention and treatment. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57560-0 - Effects of green tea (Camellia sinensis), cocoa and nitric oxide donor on diabetic nephropathy and retinopathy: contribution of the reduction of oxidative stress and inflammation and elevation of nitric oxide
Grantee:Jose Butori Lopes de Faria
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07173-8 - Nanoparticles and hydrogels for the photochemical delivery of nitric oxide
Grantee:Patricia Taladriz Blanco
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate