Pereira, Cassio M. M.
de Mello, Rodrigo F.
Total Authors: 2
 Inst Math & Comp Sci, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
EXPERT SYSTEMS WITH APPLICATIONS;
Web of Science Citations:
Topology is the branch of mathematics that studies how objects relate to one another for their qualitative structural properties, such as connectivity and shape. In this paper, we present an approach for data clustering based on topological features computed over the persistence diagram, estimated using the theory of persistent homology. The features indicate topological properties such as Betti numbers, i.e., the number of n-dimensional holes in the discretized data space. The main contribution of our approach is enabling the clustering of time series that have similar recurrent behavior characterized by their attractors in phase space and spatial data that have similar scale-invariant spatial distributions, as traditional clustering techniques ignore that information as they rely on point-to-point dissimilarity measures such as Euclidean distance or elastic measures. We present experiments that confirm the usefulness of our approach with time series and spatial data applications in the fields of biology, medicine and ecology. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)