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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Natural history and biogeography of Partamona rustica, an endemic bee in dry forests of Brazil

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Miranda, E. A. [1] ; Carvalho, A. F. [1, 2] ; Andrade-Silva, A. C. R. [3] ; Silva, C. I. [4] ; Del Lama, M. A. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet & Evolucao, Lab Genet Evolut Himenopteros, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] CUNY City Coll, Dept Biol, New York, NY 10031 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, FFCLRP, Dept Biol, Lab Comportamento & Ecol Insetos Sociais, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Ceara, Dept Zootecnia, Fortaleza, CE - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Insectes Sociaux; v. 62, n. 3, p. 255-263, AUG 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Partamona rustica is a stingless bee that occupies dry forests of Brazil, such as the cerrado (savanna-like biome) and caatinga (xeric shrubland and thorn forest), ranging from the northern portion of the state of Minas Gerais to the southwestern portion of the Bahia state. As this bee is endemic to these environments and its biology is poorly known, the aim of the present study was to investigate aspects of its natural history and biogeography. Moreover, the potential distribution of the species is analyzed through ecological niche modeling. Sampling was performed in the full range of distribution of the species. Nesting sites for 145 colonies, plants visited, and termite nests hosts were identified. Most of the termite nests in which the species nested were active (83 %) and corresponded to Constrictotermes cyphergaster. Pollen analyses revealed 62 pollen types from 30 families of angiosperms visited by P. rustica, the most common of which were from the families Leguminosae-Mimosoideae (11.1 %) and Myrtaceae (7.9 %). Partamona rustica occurs in areas at 500 +/- A 187.30 m above sea level with semi-arid climates. The climatic niche model revealed a very realistic range for P. rustica, contouring the Chapada Diamantina National Park by the east, where there are no records of the species. Given the ecological importance of bees as pollinators, the intense pressure exerted by bee hunters and environmental changes caused by human activities, the present findings underscore the importance of concentrating efforts on the conservation of dry areas and the endemic species that inhabit these forests. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/21501-2 - Bee population genetics and the extinction vortex of the Hymenoptera
Grantee:Marco Antonio Del Lama
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/23342-1 - Colonization and dispersal in the areas of occurrence and population genetics of Partamona rustica (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini)
Grantee:Elder Assis Miranda
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/13391-2 - Has the disjunction of the South American rainforests resulted in a differential effect on the genetic diversity of the populations of two Neotropical social wasps (Hymenoptera: vespidae: Epiponini)?
Grantee:Antônio Freire de Carvalho Filho
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate