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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

IFU spectroscopy of 10 early-type galactic nuclei - III. Properties of the circumnuclear gas emission

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Ricci, T. V. [1] ; Steiner, J. E. [1] ; Menezes, R. B. [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfericas, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society; v. 451, n. 4, p. 3728-3758, AUG 21 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 9

Many early-type galaxies have ionized gas emission in their centres that extends to scales of similar to 1 kpc. The majority of such objects are classified as low-ionization nuclear emission regions (LINERs), but the nature of their ionizing source is still not clear. The kinematics associated with these gaseous structures usually shows deviations from a pure rotational motion due to non-gravitational effects (e.g. outflows) or to non-axisymmetric potentials (e.g. bars or tri-axial systems). This is the third of a series of papers that describes a sample of 10 nearby (d < 30 Mpc) and massive (sigma > 200 km s(-1)) early-type galaxies observed with the Gemini Multi-Object Spectrograph in Integral Field mode installed on the Gemini-South telescope. In Paper II, we performed spectral synthesis to subtract the stellar components from the data cubes of the sample galaxies in order to study their nuclear spectra. In this work, we analyse the circumnuclear gas emission (scales of similar to 100 pc) of the sample galaxies and we compare the results with those obtained with Principal Component Analysis Tomography in Paper I. We detected circumnuclear gas emission in seven galaxies of the sample, all of them classified as LINERs. Pure gaseous discs are found in three galaxies. In two objects, gaseous discs are probably present, but their kinematics are affected by non-Keplerian motions. In one galaxy (IC 5181), we detected a spiral structure of gas that may be caused either by a non-axisymmetric potential or by an outflow together with a gaseous disc. In NGC 3136, an ionization bicone is present in addition to five compact structures with LINER-like emission. In galaxies with a gaseous disc, we found that ionizing photons emitted by an active galactic nucleus are not enough to explain the observed H alpha flux along this structure. On the other hand, the H alpha flux distribution and equivalent width along the direction perpendicular the gaseous disc suggest the presence of low-velocity ionized gas emission which seem to be related to the nuclear activity. We propose a scenario for LINER-like circumnuclear regions where a low-velocity ionization cone is formed by a collimating agent aligned with the gaseous disc. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/06988-0 - Characterization and environment of low luminosity active nuclei
Grantee:Tiago Vecchi Ricci
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/21350-7 - Nuclear and circumnuclear low ionization emission in massive galaxies.
Grantee:Tiago Vecchi Ricci
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/51680-6 - Exploring the universe: from the galaxies formation to Earth-like planets with the Giant Magellan Telescope
Grantee:Laerte Sodré Junior
Support type: Special Projects