Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Alteration in the center of mass trajectory of patients after stroke

Full text
Author(s):
do Carmo, Aline Araujo [1, 2] ; Rozin Kleiner, Ana Francisca [1, 3] ; Barros, Ricardo M. L. [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Fac Phys Educ, Lab Instrumentat Biomech, Campinas - Brazil
[2] Univ Brasilia UnB, FCE, Fac Ceilandia, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[3] Minist Educ Brazil, CAPES Fdn, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation; v. 22, n. 5, p. 349-356, OCT 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Background: The movement disorders due to stroke can alter the motion of the Center of Mass (CoM) of the body. Thus, the analysis of the CoM motion can be an alternative to diagnostic the stroke gait disturbances and has not been widely explored. Objective: To identify and to analyze the alterations of CoM trajectory during both of gait cycles, affected and unaffected, of post-stroke patients comparing to healthy subjects. Methods: The CoM trajectory was obtained using a gold standard method, the three-dimensional (3D) kinematics associate to anthropometry. Two experimental groups were compared: Hemiparetic Group (HG) consisted of fourteen chronic hemiparetic patients and Control Group (CG) by fourteen able-bodied subjects. Results: The statistical analysis (P <= 0.05) revealed the following average gait alterations in the HG, in the stance phase of the affected side: higher lateral (midstance), lower vertical (midstance and terminal stance), and lower forward displacement (heel strike until terminal stance). In the swing phase of the affected side, HG showed higher lateral (preswing and initial swing) and vertical displacement (preswing until terminal swing), and lower forward (preswing until terminal swing) displacement of the CoM. There was also anticipation of the instants of maximum displacements in the lateral and vertical directions and lower total range in the forward direction. Conclusion: The CoM trajectory analysis pointed out that the gait after stroke was altered such in the affected as in the unaffected lower limbs, mainly in the single support phase of the affected side, but also in the swing phase of the gait cycle. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/05234-6 - Kinematic analysis of upper and lower limbs, pelvis, trunk, scapula and head motion during hemiparetic gait
Grantee:Aline Araujo Do Carmo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master