Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The therapeutic potential of exercise to treat cachexia

Full text
Author(s):
Lira, Fabio S. [1] ; Antunes, Barbara de M. M. [1] ; Seelaender, Marilia [2] ; Rosa Neto, Jose C. [3]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Dept Phys Educ, Exercise & Immunometab Res Grp, BR-19060900 Presidente Prudente, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Dept Surg, Canc Metab Res Grp, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Immunometab Res Grp, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Review article
Source: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care; v. 9, n. 4, p. 317-324, DEC 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 19
Abstract

Purpose of review To discuss the role of physical exercise in the attenuation of cancer cachexia-associated symptoms, and upon the outcome of chemotherapy, with special focus on the anti-inflammatory role of chronic exercise. Recent findings The review addresses the recent findings regarding the positive effects of endurance and strength exercise training upon metabolic dysfunction, systemic inflammation and body composition alterations in the syndrome of cachexia. The employment of different exercise protocol strategies, in respect to intensity, duration, work load and in concomitance with pharmacological treatment is considered. Summary Cachexia is a multifactorial wasting syndrome afflicting patients with cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic heart failure, trauma, among other diseases. This condition markedly compromises the quality of life, treatment outcome and survival. Recent literature indicates an unequivocal role of chronic exercise in modulating cachexia and other cancer-associated dysfunctions. Exercise is proposed as a complementary treatment in cancer, and represents a function-preserving, anti-inflammatory and metabolism-modulating strategy with low cost, and high versatility and availability. Furthermore, exercise decreases cancer recurrence and presents a positive impact on public health management, reducing hospitalization and medication costs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/09367-4 - Metabolic effects of doxorubicin on the muscle and adipose tissue: do exercise and metformin reduce the damage?
Grantee:José Cesar Rosa Neto
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/50079-0 - Systemic inflammation in cachectic cancer patients: mechanisms and therapeutical strategies, a translational medicine approach
Grantee:Marilia Cerqueira Leite Seelaender
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants