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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Control of Phasic Firing by a Background Leak Current in Avian Forebrain Auditory Neurons

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Dagostin, Andre A. [1] ; Lovell, Peter V. [2] ; Hilscher, Markus M. [3, 4] ; Mello, Claudio V. [2] ; Leao, Ricardo M. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med Ribeirao Preto, Dept Physiol, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Oregon Hlth & Sci Univ, Dept Behav Neurosci, Portland, OR 97201 - USA
[3] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Inst Brain, BR-59072970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[4] Vienna Univ Technol, Inst Anal & Sci Comp, A-1040 Vienna - Austria
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 5

Central neurons express a variety of neuronal types and ion channels that promote firing heterogeneity among their distinct neuronal populations. Action potential (AP) phasic firing, produced by low-threshold voltage-activated potassium currents (VAKCs), is commonly observed in mammalian brainstem neurons involved in the processing of temporal properties of the acoustic information. The avian caudomedial nidopallium (NCM) is an auditory area analogous to portions of the mammalian auditory cortex that is involved in the perceptual discrimination and memorization of birdsong and shows complex responses to auditory stimuli We performed in vitro whole cell patch clamp recordings in brain slices from adult zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) and observed that half of NCM neurons fire APs phasically in response to membrane depolarizations, while the rest fire transiently or tonically. Phasic neurons fired APs faster and with more temporal precision than tonic and transient neurons. These neurons had similar membrane resting potentials, but phasic neurons had lower membrane input resistance and time constant. Surprisingly phasic neurons did not express low-threshold VAKCs, which curtailed firing in phasic mammalian brainstem neurons, having similar VAKCs to other NCM neurons. The phasic firing was determined not by VAKCs, but by the potassium background leak conductances, which was more prominently expressed in phasic neurons, a result corroborated by pharmacological, dynamic-clamp, and modeling experiments. These results reveal a new role for leak currents in generating firing diversity in central neurons. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/04618-0 - Molecular, synaptic and electrophysiological characterization of the neurons from the Nidopallium Caudomediallis, a brain area responsible for auditory processing in songbirds
Grantee:Ricardo Mauricio Xavier Leão
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/09421-6 - Study of the salycilate effects on the neurotransmission and excitability of the neurons from the dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN)
Grantee:Ricardo Mauricio Xavier Leão
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 08/10015-7 - Electrophysiological, synaptic and molecular characterization of the neurons of the medial caudal Nidopallium, an area responsible for auditory processing in songbirds
Grantee:André Luiz Andreotti Dagostin
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate