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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Automatically identification of Equatorial Spread-F occurrence on ionograms

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Author(s):
Pillat, Valdir Gil [1] ; Fagundes, Paulo Roberto [1] ; Frutuoso Guimaraes, Larnartine Nogueira [2]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] UNIVAP Univ Vale Paraiba, Lab Fis & Astron, BR-12244000 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] IEAv Inst Estudos Avancados, Div Energia Nucl, BR-12228970 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ATMOSPHERIC AND SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS; v. 135, p. 118-125, DEC 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

F-region large-scale irregularities, also called plasma bubbles, are one of the most interesting equatorial ionospheric phenomena. These irregularities are generated in the equatorial region and afterwards extend to lower latitudes. They are one of the important topics of investigation in equatorial ionosphere electrodynamics and, therefore, are subject to intense theoretical and experimental research. The ionosonde is the most used scientific equipment to study the ionosphere and the F-region. With advancement of digital ionosonde, it is now possible to carry out an ionospheric sounding with a cadence of 5 min or even with 1-minute cadence. To analyse a large amount of ionograms, more sophisticated tools are needed. Thus, development of algorithms to identify and analyse different aspects of ionograms degrees has become very important to space science researchers. Multiple echoes recorded on ionograms are the signature of these irregularities in the ionograms, usually called Spread-E Spread-F is classified into three types: range, frequency, and mixed. Thus, automatic identification of Spread-F is important in ionospheric studies, because studies usually involve the analysis and interpretation of large numbers of ionograms. The main objective of this paper is to present a new computational tool, based on fuzzy relation, designed to automatically identify the occurrence of Spread-F in ionograms. The test was conducted in ionograms recorded in the Brazilian sector (Sao Jose dos Campos (23.2 degrees S, 45.9 degrees W, dip latitude 17.6 S-low latitude) and Palmas (10.2 degrees S, 48.2 degrees W, dip latitude 5.5 degrees 5-near the magnetic equatorial)). The automatic identification of Spread-F occurrence was compared with those obtained manually and good agreement was found. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/08445-9 - Study of day-to-day variability of the mesosphere, thermosphere and ionosphere at low latitude and equatorial region, during the solar cycle 24
Grantee:Paulo Roberto Fagundes
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants