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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Time of day affects heart rate recovery and variability after maximal exercise in pre-hypertensive men

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Author(s):
Brito, Leandro [1] ; Pecanha, Tiago [1] ; Tinucci, Tais [2, 3] ; Silva-Junior, Natan [1] ; Costa, Luiz [1] ; Forjaz, Claudia [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport, Exercise Hemodynam Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ 9 July, Postgrad Program Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Nephrol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: CHRONOBIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL; v. 32, n. 10, p. 1385-1390, 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Heart rate (HR) recovery (HRR) and variability (HRV) after exercise are non-invasive tools used to assess cardiac autonomic regulation and cardiovascular prognosis. Autonomic recovery is slower after evening than morning exercise in healthy individuals, but this influence is unknown in subjects with autonomic dysfunction, although it may affect prognostic evaluation. This study compared post-exercise HRR and HRV after maximal morning and evening exercise in pre-hypertensive men. Ten volunteers randomly underwent two maximal exercise tests conducted in the morning (8-10 a. m.) and evening (6-8 p. m.). HRR60s (HR reduction at 60 s of recovery - prognostic index), T30 (short-term time-constant of HRR - parasympathetic reactivation marker), rMSSD(30s) (square root of the mean of the sum of the squares of differences between adjacent R-R intervals on subsequent 30 s segments -parasympathetic reactivation marker), and HRR tau - (time constant of the first order exponential fitting of HRR - marker of sympathetic withdraw and parasympathetic reactivation) were measured. Paired t-test and two-way ANOVA were used. HRR60s and HRR - were similar after exercise in the morning and evening (27 +/- 7 vs. 29 +/- 7 bpm, p = 0.111, and 79 +/- 14 vs. 96 +/- 29 s, p = 0.119, respectively). T30 was significantly greater after evening exercise (405 +/- 215 vs. 295 +/- 119 s, p = 0.002) and rMSSD(30s) was lower in the evening (main factor session, p = 0.009). In conclusion, in pre-hypertensive men, the prognostic index of HRR, HRR60s, is not affected by the time of day when exercise is conducted. However, post-exercise parasympathetic reactivation, evaluated by T30 and rMSSD(30s), is blunted after evening exercise. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/03584-8 - Post-exercise aerobic hypotension and its hemodynamic and Neural mechanisms in pre-hypertensive subjects: Time of day influence and association with circadian endocrine regulation
Grantee:Leandro Campos de Brito
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 13/05519-4 - Heart rate recovery after exercise: regulatory mechanisms in normotensives and hypertensives
Grantee:Tiago Peçanha de Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/04997-0 - Heart rate recovery after exercise: regulatory mechanisms
Grantee:Cláudia Lúcia de Moraes Forjaz
Support type: Regular Research Grants