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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Suckling-induced Fos activation and melanin-concentrating hormone immunoreactivity during late lactation

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Author(s):
Alvisi, R. D. [1] ; Diniz, G. B. [2] ; Da-Silva, J. M. [2] ; Bittencourt, J. C. [3, 2] ; Felicio, L. F. [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Vet Med, Dept Pathol, BR-05508270 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Lab Chem Neuroanat, Dept Anat, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Psychol, Ctr Neurosci & Behav, BR-05508030 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Life Sciences; v. 148, p. 241-246, MAR 1 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

Aims: Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is implicated in the control of food intake, bodyweight regulation and energy homeostasis. Lactation is an important physiological model to study the hypothalamic integration of peripheral sensory signals, such as suckling stimuli and those related to energy balance. MCH can be detected in themedial preoptic area (MPOA), especially around the 19th day of lactation, when this hormone is described as displaying a peak synthesis followed by a decrease afterweaning. The physiological significance of this phenomenon is unclear. Therefore, we aimed to investigate hypothalamic changes associated to sensory stimulation by the litter, in special its influence over MCH synthesis. Main methods: Female Wistar rats (n = 56) were euthanized everyday from lactation days 15-21, with or without suckling stimulus (WS and NS groups, respectively). MCH and Fos immunoreactivity were evaluated in the MPOA and lateral and incerto-hypothalamic areas (LHA and IHy). Key findings: Suckling stimulus induced Fos synthesis in all regions studied. An increase on the number of suckling-induced Fos-ir neurons could be detected in the LHA after the 18th day. Conversely, the amount of MCH decreased in the MPOA from days 15-21, independent of suckling stimulation. No colocalization between MCH and Fos could be detected in any region analyzed. Significance: Suckling stimulus is capable of stimulating hypothalamic regions not linked to maternal behavior, possibly to mediate energy balance aspects of lactation. Although dams are hyperphagic before weaning, this behavioral change does not appear to be mediated by MCH. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Inc. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/52068-0 - The putative envolvement of melanin-concentrating hormone in the control of lactation
Grantee:Jackson Cioni Bittencourt
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants