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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Clearing and dissecting insects for internal skeletal morphological research with particular reference to bees

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Diego Sasso Porto ; Gabriel A.R. Melo ; Eduardo A.B. Almeida
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Revista Brasileira de Entomologia; v. 60, n. 1, p. 109-113, Mar. 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 6

ABSTRACT A detailed protocol for chemical clearing of bee specimens is presented. Dry specimens as well as those preserved in liquid media can be cleared using this protocol. The procedure consists of a combined use of alkaline solution (KOH or NaOH) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), followed by the boiling of the cleared specimens in 60–70% EtOH. Clearing is particularly useful for internal skeletal morphological research. This procedure allows for efficient study of internal projections of the exoskeleton (e.g., apodemes, furcae, phragmata, tentoria, internal ridges and sulci), but this process makes external features of the integument, as some sutures and sulci, readily available for observation as well. Upon completion of the chemical clearing process the specimens can be stored in glycerin. This procedure was developed and evaluated for the preparation of bees and other Apoidea, but modifications for use with other insect taxa should be straightforward after some experimentation on variations of timing of steps, concentration of solutions, temperatures, and the necessity of a given step. Comments on the long-term storage, morphological examination, and photodocumentation of cleared specimens are also provided. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/22261-8 - Phylogenetic relationships of corbiculate bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Apini)
Grantee:Diego Sasso Porto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 14/10090-0 - Comparative morphology of internal skeletal structures of the head of corbiculate bees (Apidae: Apini)
Grantee:Diego Sasso Porto
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree