Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Performance of the L2C civil GPS signal under various ionospheric scintillation effects

Full text
Marques, H. A. S. [1] ; Monico, J. F. G. [1] ; Marques, H. A. [2]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Roberto Simonsen 305, Presidente Prudente, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Pernambuco UFPE, Prof Moraes Rego 1235, Recife, PE - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Source: GPS SOLUTIONS; v. 20, n. 2, p. 139-149, APR 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 9

As GPS is modernizing, there are currently fourteen satellites transmitting L2C civil code and seven satellites transmitting L5 signal. While the GPS observables are subject to several sources of errors, the ionosphere is one of the largest error sources affecting GPS signals. Small irregularities in the electrons density along the GPS radio signal propagation path cause ionospheric scintillation that is characterized by rapid fluctuations in the signal amplitude and phase. The ionospheric scintillation effects are stronger in equatorial and high-latitude geomagnetic latitude regions and occur mainly due to equatorial anomaly and solar storms. Several researchers have analyzed the L2C signal quality since becoming available in December, 2005. We analyze the performance of L2C using GPS data from stations in the equatorial region of Brazil, which is subject of weak, moderate and strong ionospheric scintillation conditions. The GPS data were collected by Septentrio PolaRxS-PRO receivers as part of the CIGALA/CALIBRA network. The analysis was performed as a function of scintillations indexes S4 and Phi60, lock time (time interval in seconds that the carrier phase is tracked continuously without cycle slips), multipath RMS and position variation of precise point positioning solutions. The analysis shows that L2C code solutions are less affected by multipath effects than that of P2 when data are collected under weak ionospheric scintillation effects. In terms of analysis of positions, the kinematic PPP results using L2C instead P2 codes show accuracy improvements up to 33 % in periods of weak or strong ionospheric scintillation. When combining phase and code collected under weak scintillation effects, the results by applying L2C against P2 provide improvement in accuracy up to 59 %. However, for data under strong scintillation effects, the use of L2C for PPP with code and phase does not provide improvements in the positioning accuracy. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 06/04008-2 - GNSS: investigations and applications in geodetic positioning, in studies related to the atmosphere and precision agriculture
Grantee:Joao Francisco Galera Monico
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/01196-0 - Stochastic model for GNSS data and GNSS coordinates time series
Grantee:Heloísa Alves da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate