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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of dimerization on the mechanism of action of aurein 1.2

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Author(s):
Lorenzon, E. N. [1] ; Riske, K. A. [2] ; Troiano, G. F. [1] ; Da Hora, G. C. A. [3] ; Soares, T. A. [3] ; Cilli, E. M. [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Quim, Rua Prof Francisco Degni 55, BR-14800060 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biofis, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Dept Quim Fundamental, Recife, PE - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA-BIOMEMBRANES; v. 1858, n. 6, p. 1129-1138, JUN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 7
Abstract

The mechanism of action of antimicrobial peptides depends on physicochemical properties such as structure, concentration, and oligomerization. Here, we focused on the effect of dimerization on the mechanism of action of aurein 1.2 (AU). We designed a lysine-linked AU dimer, (AU)(2)K, and its interaction with membrane mimetics was studied using four biophysical techniques and molecular dynamics simulations. Circular dichroism and molecular dynamics studies showed that AU displayed a typical spectrum for disordered structures in aqueous solution whereas (AU)(2)K exhibited the typical spectrum of alpha-helices in a coiled-coil conformation, wherein helices are wrapped around each other. With the addition of large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs), AU adopted an a-helix structure whereas the coiled-coil structure of (AU)(2)K assumed an extended conformation. Carboxyfluorescein release experiments with LUVs showed that both peptides were able to permeabilize vesicles although the leakage response to increases in peptide concentration differed. Optical microscopy experiments showed that both peptides induced pore opening and the dimer eventually caused the vesicles to burst. Finally, calorimetric traces determined by isothermal titration calorimetry on the LUVs also showed significant differences in peptide membrane interactions. Together, the results of our study demonstrated that dimerization changes the mechanism of action of AU. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

FAPESP's process: 12/10442-8 - Perturbations on charged lipid bilayers induced by electric pulses, antimicrobial peptides and vesicles with opposite charge
Grantee:Karin Do Amaral Riske
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/15346-7 - Antimicrobial peptides: dimerization effects and encapsulation in NRLb biomembrane
Grantee:Eduardo Maffud Cilli
Support type: Regular Research Grants