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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) fauna in parks in greater Sao Paulo, Brazil

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de Paula, Marcia Bicudo [1] ; Fernandes, Aristides [1] ; Medeiros-Sousa, Antonio Ralph [1] ; Ceretti-Junior, Walter [1] ; Christe, Rafael [1] ; Stroebel, Regina Claudia [2] ; Pedrosa, Leila [2] ; Marques de Sa Almeida, Rosa Maria [1] ; de Carvalho, Gabriela Cristina [1] ; Pereira, Uellinton Damasceno [3] ; de Oliveira Jacintho, Marcelo Cassiano [3] ; Natal, Delsio [1] ; Marrelli, Mauro Toledo [1]
Total Authors: 13
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Dept Epidemiol, BR-01255 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Prefeitura Municipio Sao Paulo, Secretaria Verde & Meio Ambiente, Dept Parques & Areas Verdes, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Prefeitura Municipio Sao Paulo, Secretaria Municipal Saude, Ctr Controle Zoonoses, Lab Identificacao & Pesquisa Fauna Sinantrop, Coor, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Biota Neotropica; v. 15, n. 3 JUL-SEP 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Municipal parks in the city of Sao Paulo, which are used for leisure purposes, contain remnants of the flora of the Atlantic Forest, as well as lakes and springs, and are home to mammals, birds and arthropods, some of which can be vectors of disease. The eastern side of the city has the largest population in Sao Paulo and twenty-four municipal parks. The aim of this study was to investigate Culicidae fauna in two parks on this side of the city and to determine which of the Culicidae species identified have the potential to act as bioindicators and vectors of human pathogens. Culicidae were collected monthly between March 2011 and February 2012 in Carmo Park and Chico Mendes Park with battery-powered aspirators, Shannon traps and CDC traps for adult mosquitoes, and larval dippers and suction samplers for immature mosquitoes. To confirm sample sufficiency, the EstimateS program was used to plot sample-based species accumulation curves and estimate total richness by the Jackknife 1 method. In all, 1,092 culicids from nine genera (Aedes, Anopheles, Coquillettidia, Culex, Limatus, Mansonia, Trichoprosopon, Toxorhynchites and Uranotaenia) and nineteen taxonomic units were collected in Carmo Park. Coquillettidia venezuelensis (Theobald 1912), Aedes scapularis (Rondani 1848) and Culex (Culex) spp. Linnaeus 1758 were the most abundant adults, and Culex (Melanoconion) spp. Theobald 1903 and Anopheles strodei Root 1926 the most abundant immature mosquitoes. In Chico Mendes Park 4,487 mosquitoes in six genera and eighteen taxonomic units were collected. Culex (Cux.) spp. and Ae. scapularis were the most abundant adults, and Ae. albopictus (Skuse 1984) the most abundant immature mosquitoes. The species accumulation curves in both parks were close to the asymptote, and the total richness estimate was close to the observed richness. Some culicid taxons are bioindicators of environmental conditions in the areas they inhabit. It is important to monitor native fauna in municipal parks in Sao Paulo as various species in this study were found to have vector competence and capacity to transmit pathogens, such as arboviruses. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/51230-8 - Biodiversity of mosquitoes (Diptera : Culicidae) in the city of São Paulo municipal parks
Grantee:Mauro Toledo Marrelli
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants