Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Salivary pellicles equalise surfaces' charges and modulate the virulence of Candida albicans biofilm

Full text
Cavalcanti, Yuri Wanderley [1, 2] ; Wilson, Melanie [3] ; Lewis, Michael [3] ; Williams, David [3] ; Senna, Plinio Mendes [1] ; Del-Bel-Cury, Altair Antoninha [1] ; da Silva, Wander Jose [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Periodontol & Prosthodont Dept, Av Limeira 901, BR-13414903 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] State Univ Paraiba UEPB, Dept Dent, Sch Dent, Rua Baraunas 351, BR-58429500 Campina Grande, PB - Brazil
[3] Cardiff Univ, Sch Dent, Tissue Engn & Reparat Dent, Cardiff CF10 3AX, S Glam - Wales
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: ARCHIVES OF ORAL BIOLOGY; v. 66, p. 129-140, JUN 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Introduction: Numerous environmental factors influence the pathogenesis of Candida biofilms and an understanding of these is necessary for appropriate clinical management. Aims: To investigate the role of material type, pellicle and stage of biofilm development on the viability, bioactivity, virulence and structure of C. albicans biofilms. Methods: The surface roughness (SR) and surface free energy (SFE) of acrylic and titanium discs was measured. Pellicles of saliva, or saliva supplemented with plasma, were formed on acrylic and titanium discs. Candida albicans biofilms were then generated for 1.5 h, 24 h, 48 h and 72 h. The cell viability in biofilms was analysed by culture, whilst DNA concentration and the expression of Candida virulence genes (ALS1, ALS3 and HWP1) were evaluated using qPCR. Biofilm metabolic activity was determined using XTT reduction assay, and biofilm structure analysed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Results: Whilst the SR of acrylic and titanium did not significantly differ, the saliva with plasma pellicle increased significantly the total SFE of both surface. The number of viable microorganisms and DNA concentration increased with biofilm development, not differing within materials and pellicles. Biofilms developed on saliva with plasma pellicle surfaces had significantly higher activity after 24 h and this was accompanied with higher expression of virulence genes at all periods. Conclusion: Induction of C. albicans virulence occurs with the presence of plasma proteins in pellicles, throughout biofilm growth. To mitigate such effects, reduction of increased plasmatic exudate, related to chronic inflammatory response, could aid the management of candidal biofilm-related infections. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/07436-6 - Analysis of the virulence of Candida albicans biofilms developed under different conditions
Grantee:Yuri Wanderley Cavalcanti
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)