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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Study of the effect of NbN on microwave Niobium cavities for gravitational wave detectors

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Liccardo, V. [1] ; Franca, E. K. [2] ; Aguiar, O. D. [2] ; Oliveira, R. M. [2] ; Ribeiro, K. L. [3] ; Silva, M. M. N. F. [2]
Total Authors: 6
[1] ITA, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] INPE, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Reconcavo Bahia, Cruz Das Almas, BA - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Instrumentation; v. 11, JUL 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Superconducting reentrant cavities may be used in parametric transducers for resonant-mass gravitational wave detectors. When coupled to a spherical resonant antenna, transducers will monitor its mechanical quadrupolar modes, working as a mass-spring system. In this paper we will investigate the effect of the Niobium Nitride (NbN), produced through plasma immersion ion implantation (PIII), on the quality factor of reentrant Niobium (Nb) cavities. With the PIII surface treatment unloaded electrical Q-factors (Q(0)) of the order of 10(5) were obtained in cryogenic conditions. These results indicated a significant increase in the effect of superconductivity after the cavity surfaces have been heavily attacked by a concentrated acid mixture and after suffering successive PIII processes. Q0's similar to 3.0 x 105 at 4.2 K are expected to be obtained using Nb RRR399 with a suitable surface treatment. These cavities, with high Q(0), are already installed and being tested in the Gravitational Wave Detector Mario Schenberg. The experimental tests have been carried out at the laboratories of the National Institute for Space Research (INPE). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/17696-8 - Treatment of metals and metal alloys for aerospace application by means of high-temperature plasma immersion ion implantation
Grantee:Rogério de Moraes Oliveira
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/26258-4 - Superdense matter in the universe
Grantee:Manuel Máximo Bastos Malheiro de Oliveira
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants