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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Descriptive analysis of the masticatory and salivary functions and gustatory sensitivity in healthy children

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Author(s):
Salome Marquezin, Maria Carolina ; Pedroni-Pereira, Aline ; Araujo, Darlle Santos ; Rosar, Joao Vicente ; Barbosa, Tais S. ; Castelo, Paula Midori
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: ACTA ODONTOLOGICA SCANDINAVICA; v. 74, n. 6, p. 443-448, 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study is to better understand salivary and masticatory characteristics, this study evaluated the relationship among salivary parameters, bite force (BF), masticatory performance (MP) and gustatory sensitivity in healthy children. The secondary outcome was to evaluate possible gender differences.Materials and methods: One hundred and sixteen eutrophic subjects aged 7-11 years old were evaluated, caries-free and with no definite need of orthodontic treatment. Salivary flow rate and pH, total protein (TP), alpha-amylase (AMY), calcium (CA) and phosphate (PHO) concentrations were determined in stimulated (SS) and unstimulated saliva (US). BF and MP were evaluated using digital gnathodynamometer and fractional sieving method, respectively. Gustatory sensitivity was determined by detecting the four primary tastes (sweet, salty, sour and bitter) in three different concentrations. Data were evaluated using descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney/t-test, Spearman correlation and multiple regression analysis, considering =0.05.Results: Significant positive correlation between taste and age was observed. CA and PHO concentrations correlated negatively with salivary flow and pH; sweet taste scores correlated with AMY concentrations and bitter taste sensitivity correlated with US flow rate (p<0.05). No significant difference between genders in salivary, masticatory characteristics and gustatory sensitivity was observed. The regression analysis showed a weak relationship between the distribution of chewed particles among the different sieves and BF.Conclusions: The concentration of some analytes was influenced by salivary flow and pH. Age, saliva flow and AMY concentrations influenced gustatory sensitivity. In addition, salivary, masticatory and taste characteristics did not differ between genders, and only a weak relation between MP and BF was observed. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/04492-2 - Quality of life evaluation and the nutritional, salivary and masticatory characteristics of pre pubertal overweight and obese children
Grantee:Paula Midori Castelo Ferrua
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/21952-4 - Nutritional, masticatory and salivary evaluation of pre pubertal overweight and obese children
Grantee:Maria Carolina Salomé Marquezin
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate