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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A new subfamily, Styracurinae, and new genus, Styracura, for Himantura schmardae (Werner, 1904) and Himantura pacifica (Beebe & Tee-Van, 1941) (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes)

Full text
Author(s):
De Carvalho, Marcelo R. ; Loboda, Thiago S. ; Da Silva, Joao Paulo C. B.
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Zootaxa; v. 4175, n. 3, p. 201-221, OCT 14 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 13
Abstract

A new subfamily (Styracurinae, subfam. nov.) and genus (Styracura, gen. nov.) are erected for Trygon schmardae Werner, 1904 (type species) and Dasyatis pacificus Beebe \& Tee-Van, 1941, species placed in Himantura Mull \& Henle, 1837 since 1953 but which differ significantly from it and all dasyatid genera in many morphological features. Recent molecular phylogenetic hypotheses based on the entire protein-coding mitochondrial genome have recovered Styracura as the sister group of the Neotropical freshwater stingrays (Potamotrygonidae), agreeing with previous morphological and molecular phylogenies. The Styracurinae, subfam. nov., is therefore placed in the Potamotrygonidae to reflect the current phylogenetic view. Morphological characters of phylogenetic relevance of the dermal denticles, ventral lateral-line canals, hyoid arch, cranial musculature, and pectoral and pelvic girdles are discussed and compared to other stingrays, in particular to dasyatids and potamotrygonins (now ranked as a subfamily). Inferred derived characters of Styracura and potamotrygonins require homoplasy (they are absent from Paratrygon and Heliotrygon), and ventral lateral-line canal patterns and morphology of the scapular process and pelvic girdle generally reveal an affinity to different dasyatid genera, but one most likely based on plesiomorphies or independent evolution; Styracura is considered more closely related to potamotrygonins. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/03277-6 - Morphological diversity and taxonomic revision of the monotypic genus Paratrygon Dumeril, 1865 (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes: Potamotrygonidae)
Grantee:Thiago Silva Loboda
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/22692-9 - Analysis of the skeletal pattern of paired fins and their respective GIRDLES in species of Chondrichthyes restricted to international collections
Grantee:João Paulo Capretz Batista da Silva
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 11/23420-0 - Morphological diversity and taxonomic revision of monotypic genus Paratrygon Duméril, 1865 (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes: Potamotrygonidae): a complex of species.
Grantee:Thiago Silva Loboda
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 02/06459-0 - Phylogenetic systematics, evolution and classification of living and fossil rays, with an analysis of historical biology of freshwater stingrays of the family Potamotrygonidae (Chondrichthyes: Batoidea)
Grantee:Marcelo Rodrigues de Carvalho
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants