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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Tectonic significance of the Meso- to Neoarchean complexes in the basement of the southern Brasilia Orogen

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Cioffi, Caue Rodrigues ; Campos Neto, Mario da Costa ; Moller, Andreas ; Rocha, Brenda Chung
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Precambrian Research; v. 287, p. 91-107, DEC 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 7

The late Archean was a period of important changes in geodynamic processes and magmatism style. This period seems to mark the time when crustal reworking processes start to predominate over new continental crust generation and is most likely related to the beginning of continental collision and ``modern-style{''} plate tectonics. This study reports a new dataset of zircon U-Pb and Hf isotopes, whole-rock geochemistry and Nd isotopes from Meso- to Neoarchean complexes within the basement of the Neoproterozoic southern Brasilia Orogen, SE Brazil. The data provide important insights into the petrogenesis of Mesoarchean TTG suites and their implications for tectonic settings of Archean continental crust generation. Isotopic and geochemical data constrain the timing and nature of the Neoarchean transition from TTG-type to high-K granitic magmatism in the studied area and we discuss the involvement of these complexes in the southern Sao Francisco paleocontinent assembly. A well-defined period of TTG-type magmatism between 3.00 and 2.96 Ga is identified, with mostly suprachondritic epsilon Hf-(t) values, between 0 and +5.1, associated with average two-stage model ages between 3.2 and 3.3 Ga. Whole-rock Nd analyses yield TOM ages between 3.2 and 3.4 Ga. These TTGs are interpreted as juvenile additions to the continental crust most likely generated by partial melting of a hydrous mafic crust. The variable trace element compositions of the analyzed TTG samples indicate partial melting at different depths at the same time. These results strongly support the idea of a non-unique tectonic setting of Archean continental crust generation. An additional period of Neoarchean high-K granitic magmatism at ca. 2.76 Ga is interpreted to record the transition from TTG-type to high-K granitoid magmatism in the studied area. This Neoarchean magmatism is associated with less radiogenic isotopic signatures with mostly negative epsilon Hf-(t) values. The isotopic and geochemical signatures suggest that reworking of the Mesoarchean TTG crust, most likely in a collisional setting, was the main mechanism for the generation of the Neoarchean granitic suite. This supports the idea that the Neoarchean transition from TTGs to granites was most likely a result of the beginning of continental collision processes. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/05881-8 - Zircon and titanite LA-ICP-MS U-Pb dating of Archean to Paleoproterozoic crust-forming events and Neoproterozoic reworking processes of the basement rocks of the Southern Brasília orogen
Grantee:Caue Rodrigues Cioffi
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/13530-8 - The orogenic margins of the Paranapanema and São Francisco blocks: from Rodinia to Gondwana
Grantee:Mario da Costa Campos Neto
Support type: Regular Research Grants
Grantee:Caue Rodrigues Cioffi
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate