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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Climate/growth relations and teleconnections for a Hymenaea courbaril (Leguminosae) population inhabiting the dry forest on karst

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Author(s):
Locosselli, Giuliano Maselli ; Schongart, Jochen ; Ceccantini, Gregorio
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: TREES-STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION; v. 30, n. 4, p. 1127-1136, AUG 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 18
Abstract

Both water availability and temperature modulate the growth of Hymenaea courbaril on karst in Central Brazil. There is evidence of teleconnections between South Atlantic SST and tree growth. Tropical dry forests have low annual precipitation and long dry seasons. Water availability, the main restrictive growth factor, becomes more pronounced in the shallow and highly porous soil of karst regions. Understanding how climate regulates tree growth in stressful environments is essential for predicting climate change impacts on trees. The aim of this study was to build a tree-ring chronology of Hymenaea courbaril growing in a karst dry forest and evaluate how local climate and teleconnections modulate its growth. To accomplish this, increment cores of 19 individuals were sampled in Terra Ronca State Park located in Goias State, Central Brazil. After surface polishing, tree rings were identified, measured, dated, and a tree-ring chronology was built with 17 individuals. The chronology was correlated with local and regional climate data (temperature, precipitation, air humidity). We also tested teleconnections with sea surface temperature (SST) of the Equatorial Pacific and South Atlantic. Results show that air humidity, precipitation amount, and its distribution during the transition period between dry and wet seasons positively regulate this species growth. On the other hand, growth is negatively correlated with temperature during the middle of the previous year's dry season. Additionally, growth is negatively correlated with SST of the Southern Atlantic, but not with Equatorial Pacific. These relationships between climate and growth indicate that predicted increases in regional temperature and decreases in water availability may limit the growth of H. courbaril in karst dry forests. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/50457-4 - Twentieth century changes of tree ring isotopes in Southeastern Brazilian forests: how do climate conditions influence growth and water use efficiency and thus enforce tree migration
Grantee:Veronica Angyalossy
Support type: Regular Research Grants