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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Intermittent gravity-driven flow of grains through narrow pipes

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Author(s):
Alvarez, Carlos A. ; Franklin, Erick de Moraes
Total Authors: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PHYSICA A-STATISTICAL MECHANICS AND ITS APPLICATIONS; v. 465, p. 725-741, JAN 1 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

Grain flows through pipes are frequently found in various settings, such as in pharmaceutical, chemical, petroleum, mining and food industries. In the case of size-constrained gravitational flows, density waves consisting of alternating high-and low-compactness regions may appear. This study investigates experimentally the dynamics of density waves that appear in gravitational flows of fine grains through vertical and slightly inclined pipes. The experimental device consisted of a transparent glass pipe through which different populations of glass spheres flowed driven by gravity. Our experiments were performed under controlled ambient temperature and relative humidity, and the granular flow was filmed with a high-speed camera. Experimental results concerning the length scales and celerities of density waves are presented, together with a one-dimensional model and a linear stability analysis. The analysis exhibits the presence of a long-wavelength instability, with the most unstable mode and a cut-off wavenumber whose values are in agreement with the experimental results. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/19562-6 - The transport of grains as bed-load and the instabilities of a granular bed
Grantee:Erick de Moraes Franklin
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants