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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Production and Soil Responses to Intercropping of Forage Grasses with Corn and Soybean Silage

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Pariz, Cristiano M. ; Costa, Ciniro ; Crusciol, Carlos A. C. ; Meirelles, Paulo R. L. ; Castilhos, Andre M. ; Andreotti, Marcelo ; Costa, Nidia R. ; Martello, Jorge M. ; Souza, Daniel M. ; Sarto, Jaqueline R. W. ; Franzluebbers, Alan J.
Total Authors: 11
Document type: Journal article
Source: AGRONOMY JOURNAL; v. 108, n. 6, p. 2541-2553, NOV-DEC 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 7

Agricultural management systems are needed to simultaneously enhance production, and improve soil quality. We investigated the effects of intercropped grass on production of corn (Zea mays L.) harvested for silage at 0.20 and 0.45 m height in the summer, as well as on production of subsequent forage, silage soybean {[}Glycine max (L.) Merr.], and soil responses on a Typic Haplorthox in Botucatu, SP, Brazil. Palisade grass {[}Urochloa brizantha (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) R. Webster `Marandu'] was the introduced companion crop with corn (Years 1 and 2), while signal grass {[}Urochloa decumbens (Stapf) R. Webster `Basilisk'] was the residual weedy species in comparison. Guinea grass {[}Urochloa maxima (Jacq.) R. Webster `Aruana'] was the introduced companion crop with soybean (Year 3), with only a residual effect of crop systems from the previous 2 yr. When cut at 0.45 m compared with 0.20 m height, corn intercropped with palisade grass had greater leaf nutrient concentrations, agronomic characteristics, forage mass of pasture for grazing by lambs (Ovis aries), greater surface mulch produced, and greater quantity of N, P, and K returned to soil. Greater soil organic matter, P, K, and Mg concentration, and base saturation in the surface soil depth and lower soil penetration resistance at all depths occurred at 0.45 m than at 0.20 m corn silage cutting height intercropped with palisade grass. Analyzing the system as a whole, harvesting corn silage crop with palisade grass intercrop at 0.45 m height was the most viable option in this integrated crop-livestock system (ICLS). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/12155-3 - Corn intercrop with cultivars of Brachiaria brizantha for silage and oats over seeded in the lambs production in crop-livestock integration system
Grantee:Ciniro Costa
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/12992-0 - Technical and economic performance of the corn harvest height for silage in intercrop with Brachiaria brizantha cultivars and oats overseeded in the sheep production
Grantee:Cristiano Magalhães Pariz
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate