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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Potential risks of the residue from Samarco's mine dam burst (Bento Rodrigues, Brazil)

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Segura, Fabiana Roberta ; Nunes, Emilene Arusievicz ; Paniz, Fernanda Polio ; Cavalheiro Paulelli, Ana Carolina ; Rodrigues, Gabriela Braga ; Leite Braga, Gilberto Ubida ; Pedreira Filho, Walter dos Reis ; Barbosa, Jr., Fernando ; Cerchiaro, Giselle ; Silva, Fabio Ferreira ; Batista, Bruno Lemos
Total Authors: 11
Document type: Journal article
Source: Environmental Pollution; v. 218, p. 813-825, NOV 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 44
Abstract

On November 5th, 2015, Samarco's iron mine dam - called Fundao - spilled 50-60 million m(3) of mud into Gualaxo do Norte, a river that belongs to Rio Doce Basin. Approximately 15 km(2) were flooded along the rivers Gualaxo do Norte, Carmo and Doce, reaching the Atlantic Ocean on November 22nd, 2015. Six days after, our group collected mud, soil and water samples in Bento Rodrigues (Minas Gerais, Brazil), which was the first impacted area. Overall, the results, water samples potable and surface water from river presented chemical elements concentration according to Brazilian environmental legislations, except silver concentration in surface water that ranged from 1.5 to 1087 mu g L-1. In addition, water mud containing presented Fe and Mn concentrations approximately 4-fold higher than the maximum limit for water bodies quality assessment, according to Brazilian laws. Mud particle size ranged from 1 to 200 gm. SEM-EDS spot provided us some semi quantitative data. Leaching/extraction tests suggested that Ba, Pb, As, Sr, Fe, Mn and Al have high potential mobilization from mud to water. Low microbial diversity in mud samples compared to background soil samples. Toxicological bioassays (HepG2 and Allium cepa) indicated potential risks of cytotoxicity and DNA damage in mud and soil samples used in both assays. The present study provides preliminary information aiming to collaborate to the development of future works for monitoring and risk assessment. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/05151-0 - Arsenic and rice: monitoring and (bio)remediation studies for food safety
Grantee:Bruno Lemos Batista
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants