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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Photoluminescent properties of ZrO2: Tm3+, Tb3+, Eu3+ powdersd-A combined experimental and theoretical study

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Lovisa, L. X. ; Andres, J. ; Gracia, L. ; Li, M. S. ; Paskocimas, C. A. ; Bomio, M. R. D. ; Araujo, V. D. ; Longo, E. ; Motta, F. V.
Total Authors: 9
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds; v. 695, p. 3094-3103, FEB 25 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 12

Rare-earth (RE) element-based materials for optical applications have received increasing attention owing to the emission properties of RE ions, which render these materials suitable for use in color displays, lasers, and solid-state lighting. In the present work, ZrO2:RE (RE = Tm3+, Tb3+, and Eu3+) powders were obtained via complex polymerization, and characterized by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, and photoluminescence measurements. The XRD patterns and Raman spectra revealed the tetragonal phase of ZrO2 co-doped with up to 4 mol.% RE3+ and stabilization of the cubic phase, for up to 8 mol.% RE3+. In addition, the photoluminescence measurements revealed simultaneous emissions in the blue (477 nm), green (496.02 nm and 548.32 nm), and red-orange (597.16 nm and 617.54 nm) regions. These emissions result from the Tm3+, Tb3+, and Eu3+ ions, respectively. Energy transfers, such as (1)G(4) levels (Tm3+) -> D-5(4) (Tb3+) and D-5(4) levels (Tb3+) -> D-5(0) (Eu3+), occurred during the emission process. Calculations based on density functional theory (DFT) were performed, to complement the experimental data. The results revealed that structural order/disorder effects were generated in the cubic and tetragonal ZrO2 phases in the ZrO2:Eu3+ powders, and changes in the electronic structure were manifested as a decrease in the band gap values. The chromaticity coordinates of all the samples were determined from the PL spectrum. The coordinates, x = 0.34 and y = 0.34, of the ZrO2:8% RE sample corresponded to a point located in the white region of the CIE diagram and color correlated temperature (CCT) was found to be 5181 K. More importantly, the present results indicate that ZrO2: RE powders constitute promising photoluminescent materials for use in new lighting devices. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57872-1 - National Institute for Materials Science in Nanotechnology
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/07296-2 - CDMF - Center for the Development of Functional Materials
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC