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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Microbial diversity in degraded and non-degraded petroleum samples and comparison across oil reservoirs at local and global scales

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Author(s):
Sierra-Garcia, Isabel Natalia ; Dellagnezze, Bruna M. ; Santos, Viviane P. ; Chaves B, Michel R. ; Capilla, Ramses ; Santos Neto, Eugenio V. ; Gray, Neil ; Oliveira, Valeria M.
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: EXTREMOPHILES; v. 21, n. 1, p. 211-229, JAN 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 9
Abstract

Microorganisms have shown their ability to colonize extreme environments including deep subsurface petroleum reservoirs. Physicochemical parameters may vary greatly among petroleum reservoirs worldwide and so do the microbial communities inhabiting these different environments. The present work aimed at the characterization of the microbiota in biodegraded and non-degraded petroleum samples from three Brazilian reservoirs and the comparison of microbial community diversity across oil reservoirs at local and global scales using 16S rRNA clone libraries. The analysis of 620 16S rRNA bacterial and archaeal sequences obtained from Brazilian oil samples revealed 42 bacterial OTUs and 21 archaeal OTUs. The bacterial community from the degraded oil was more diverse than the non-degraded samples. Non-degraded oil samples were overwhelmingly dominated by gammaproteobacterial sequences with a predominance of the genera Marinobacter and Marinobacterium. Comparisons of microbial diversity among oil reservoirs worldwide suggested an apparent correlation of prokaryotic communities with reservoir temperature and depth and no influence of geographic distance among reservoirs. The detailed analysis of the phylogenetic diversity across reservoirs allowed us to define a core microbiome encompassing three bacterial classes (Gammaproteobacteria, Clostridia, and Bacteroidia) and one archaeal class (Methanomicrobia) ubiquitous in petroleum reservoirs and presumably owning the abilities to sustain life in these environments. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/14501-6 - Investigation of the microbiota and microbial processes involved in the anaerobic degradation of oil in Brazilian reservoirs
Grantee:Isabel Natalia Sierra García
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate