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Recovering genomes of oil-degrading microbes in petroleum reservoirs through multi-omics data analysis

Grant number: 16/24976-5
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2017
Effective date (End): March 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Genetics - Molecular Genetics and Genetics of Microorganisms
Principal researcher:Valeria Maia Merzel
Grantee:Daiane Rodrigues Barbosa Belgini
Supervisor abroad: Karsten Zengler
Home Institution: Centro Pluridisciplinar de Pesquisas Químicas, Biológicas e Agrícolas (CPQBA). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Paulínia , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of California, San Diego (UC San Diego), United States  
Associated to the scholarship:15/06991-4 - Study of microbial interactions and functions in Brazilian oil reservoirs., BP.DR

Abstract

This study aims at the development and improvement of skills related to the analysis of metagenomic and metatranscriptomic data from Brazilian oil samples using different bioinformatics tools. The project has two main goals: (i) to complement with new tools and methods the analysis of sequence data obtained through metagenomics and metatranscriptomics of crude oil and oil-enriched anaerobic microcosm samples in order to elucidate the most relevant metabolic processes and pathways in the reservoir environment, and (ii) to reconstruct genomes (in silico) from the large-scale sequencing data available, contributing with information on the processes involved in the oil degradation, as well as on the survival mechanisms of microorganisms in inhospitable conditions. For the accomplishment of both goals the data obtained from previous work using large-scale sequencing of DNA from crude oil samples and of DNA and RNA from active oil-degrading anaerobic microcosms will be used.

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