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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Controlling the breakdown electric field in SnO2 based varistors by the insertion of SnO2 nanobelts

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Author(s):
Masteghin, Mateus G. ; Varela, Jose A. ; Orlandi, Marcelo O.
Total Authors: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of the European Ceramic Society; v. 37, n. 4, p. 1535-1540, APR 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

Semiconducting metal oxides have many practical applications, including varistors. Varistors based on SnO2 exhibit both high nonlinear coefficients and high breakdown electric fields. In this work we present a facile means for controlling the breakdown electric field in the SnO2-CoO-Cr2O3-Nb2O5 varistor system by the introduction of ID SnO2 nanobelts. The materials were prepared by a solid state reaction method with Nb2O5 doping levels at 0.10 and 0.20, mole percent. The materials were studied in detail by dual beam microscopy, direct current and impedance measurements. Exaggerated three-dimensional growth of the tin dioxide belts was observed, which was attributed to Ostwald ripening. The breakdown electric field was observed to decrease from 2510 Vicm to 2280 V/cm and from 1700 V/cm to 804 V/cm after nanobelt insertion, into the systems with 0.10 and 0.20, mole percent Nb2O5 respectively. A model for the observed results was proposed based on the percolation of electrons through the belts, decreasing the number of effective potential barriers at the grain boundaries. The simulations of the impedance data showed one order of magnitude decrease in the grain boundary resistance due to the nanobelt insertion for both studied systems. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Ltd. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/21033-0 - Comparison of the gas sensor response of devices with single and multiple tin oxide nanobelts
Grantee:Mateus Gallucci Masteghin
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 13/07296-2 - CDMF - Center for the Development of Functional Materials
Grantee:Elson Longo da Silva
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC