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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Ultrastructure of chemoreceptive tarsal sensilla in an armored harvestman and evidence of olfaction across Laniatores (Arachnida, Opiliones)

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Author(s):
Gainett, Guilherme ; Michalik, Peter ; Mueller, Carsten H. G. ; Giribet, Gonzalo ; Talarico, Giovanni ; Willemart, Rodrigo H.
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: ARTHROPOD STRUCTURE & DEVELOPMENT; v. 46, n. 2, p. 178-195, MAR 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 9
Abstract

Harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones) are especially dependent on chemical cues and are often regarded as animals that rely mainly on contact chemoreception. Information on harvestman sensilla is scarce when compared to other arachnid orders, especially concerning internal morphology. Using scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy, we investigated tarsal sensilla on the distal tarsomeres (DT) of all leg pairs in Heteromitobates discolor (Laniatores, Gonyleptidae). Furthermore, we explored the typological diversity of sensilla present on the DT I and II in members of the suborder Laniatores, which include two thirds of the formally described opilionid fauna, using species from 17 families representing all main laniatorian lineages. Our data revealed that DT I and II of H. discolor are equipped with wall pored falciform hairs (two types), wall-pored sensilla chaetica (two types) and tip-pored sensilla chaetica, while DT III and IV are mainly covered with trichomes (non-sensory) and tip-pored sensilla chaetica. The ultrastructural characteristics support an olfactory function for all wall-pored sensilla and a dual gustatory/mechanoreceptive function for tip-pored sensilla chaetica. Based on our comparative SEM survey, we show that wall-pored sensilla occur in all investigated Laniatores, demonstrating their widespread occurrence in the suborder and highlighting the importance of both legs I and II as the sensory appendages of laniatorean harvestmen. Our results provide the first morphological evidence for olfactory receptors in Laniatores and suggest that olfaction is more important for harvestmen than previously thought. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/00915-0 - Chemical communication in harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones): morphology, behavior and chemistry
Grantee:Rodrigo Hirata Willemart
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/23189-1 - Fine morphology of the putative olfactory hairs in the harvestman Heteromitobates discolor (Arachnida: Opiliones: Laniatores)
Grantee:Guilherme Gainett Cardoso Martins de Carvalho Florez
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 14/07671-0 - Ultrastructure of sensilla chaetica in the harvestman Heteromitobates discolor (Arachnida: Opiliones: Laniatores)
Grantee:Guilherme Gainett Cardoso Martins de Carvalho Florez
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Master's degree