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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

New approach for proximate analysis by thermogravimetry using CO2 atmosphere

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Author(s):
Torquato, Lilian D. M. ; Crnkovic, Paula M. ; Ribeiro, Clovis A. ; Crespi, Marisa S.
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY; v. 128, n. 1, p. 1-14, APR 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 10
Abstract

This study investigates the most appropriate conditions to perform the proximate analysis (moisture, volatile matter, fixed carbon, and ash) of biomasses by thermogravimetry, focusing on providing better distinction for quantification of volatile and fixed carbon components. It was found, using a series of thermogravimetric methodologies, that heating rate and particle size are important factors to be taken into account, whereas temperature and carrier gas (type and flow rate) are critical to enable the proper quantification of volatiles and fixed carbon. In this case, the best condition was achieved by applying 600 A degrees C and CO2 as carrier gas (instead of N-2). It is the highlight of the proposal method regarding the conditions often applied for this purpose. Furthermore, this method has proved to be advantageous in three important aspects: A single measurement is enough for quantification of all properties, it can be performed in a short time (1 h 27 min) in comparison with methods performed in a muffle furnace, and it can be applied for different kinds of biomasses, from lignocellulosic to residues. The procedure of validation demonstrated the low uncertainty of the data obtained by this method and the low propagation of uncertainty when they were applied for the prediction of the high heating value of the related biomasses, which supports its applicability as an alternative to biomass characterization. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/00639-9 - Studies of thermal behavior and emissions of biomasses in typical atmospheres of conventional combustion and oxy-fuel combustion
Grantee:Paula Cristina Garcia Manoel Crnkovic
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants