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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Expression signatures of DNA repair genes correlate with survival prognosis of astrocytoma patients

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de Sousa, Juliana Ferreira ; Torrieri, Raul ; Serafim, Rodolfo Bortolozo ; Macedo Di Cristofaro, Luis Fernando ; Escanfella, Fybio Dalbon ; Ribeiro, Rodrigo ; Zanette, Dalila Luciola ; Paco-Larson, Maria Luisa ; da Silva, Jr., Wilson Araujo ; da Cunha Tirapelli, Daniela Pretti ; Neder, Luciano ; Carlotti, Jr., Carlos Gilberto ; Valente, Valeria
Total Authors: 13
Document type: Journal article
Source: TUMOR BIOLOGY; v. 39, n. 4 APR 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Astrocytomas are the most common primary brain tumors. They are very resistant to therapies and usually progress rapidly to high-grade lesions. Here, we investigated the potential role of DNA repair genes in astrocytoma progression and resistance. To this aim, we performed a polymerase chain reaction array-based analysis focused on DNA repair genes and searched for correlations between expression patters and survival prognoses. We found 19 genes significantly altered. Combining these genes in all possible arrangements, we found 421 expression signatures strongly associated with poor survival. Importantly, five genes (DDB2, EXO1, NEIL3, BRCA2, and BRIP1) were independently correlated with worse prognoses, revealing single-gene signatures. Moreover, silencing of EXO1, which is remarkably overexpressed, promoted faster restoration of double-strand breaks, while NEIL3 knockdown, also highly overexpressed, caused an increment in DNA damage and cell death after irradiation of glioblastoma cells. These results disclose the importance of DNA repair pathways for the maintenance of genomic stability of high-grade astrocytomas and suggest that EXO1 and NEIL3 overexpression confers more efficiency for double-strand break repair and resistance to reactive oxygen species, respectively. Thereby, we highlight these two genes as potentially related with tumor aggressiveness and promising candidates as novel therapeutic targets. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/13465-1 - Functional characterization of HJURP (Holliday junction recognizing protein) in glioblastoma multiforme cells
Grantee:Valeria Valente
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/08135-2 - CTC - Center for Cell-Based Therapy
Grantee:Dimas Tadeu Covas
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC