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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Role of fruits and vegetables in adolescent cardiovascular health: a systematic review

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Collese, Tatiana Sadalla ; Nascimento-Ferreira, Marcus Vinicius ; Ferreira de Moraes, Augusto Cesar ; Rendo-Urteaga, Tara ; Bel-Serrat, Silvia ; Moreno, Luis A. ; Carvalho, Heraclito Barbosa
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Review article
Source: NUTRITION REVIEWS; v. 75, n. 5, p. 339-349, MAY 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 11

Context: Levels of fruit and vegetable consumption are low among adolescents, and the possible effect of this on cardiovascular health in this age group is undefined. Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the potential role of fruit and vegetable consumption in adolescent cardiovascular health. Data Sources: Six electronic databases (BioMed Central, MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, Scopus, PsycINFO) were searched from database inception to December 2015. Study Selection: The search strategy used the following sets of descriptors: adolescents; fruits and vegetables; cardiovascular risk indicators; cross-sectional and cohort studies. Data Extraction: Potentially eligible articles were selected independently by 2 reviewers. Results: Eleven articles meeting the inclusion criteria were included (10 cross-sectional, 1 cohort). The main reasons for study exclusion (n = 71) were misclassification of individuals as adolescents, an unspecified outcome that was incongruent with the definitions provided, and assessment of fruits and vegetables as part of a food pattern. Articles evaluated fruit and vegetable intake (separately, together, only vegetables, or with fruit juice) in diverse units, using food frequency questionnaires, 24-hour dietary recalls, and food records. One-third of the studies showed significant inverse associations of fruit and vegetable intake with systolic blood pressure, abdominal obesity, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and metabolic syndrome. Conclusions: The associations between fruit and vegetable consumption and indicators of cardiovascular risk in adolescents are inconsistent, likely because of heterogeneity in the methods used to assess and classify consumption and to define cardiovascular risk in adolescents. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/25233-0 - Development and validation of methods to assess dietary intake and body composition in a multicenter study: SAYCARE study
Grantee:Tara Rendo Urteaga
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/21179-9 - Effect of fruits and vegetables consumption on cardiovascular health in adolescents: a systematic review
Grantee:Tatiana Sadalla Collese
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 14/13367-2 - Design and implementation of methods to assess behaviors related to energy balance in children/adolescents in a multicenter study: SAYCARE study
Grantee:Augusto César Ferreira de Moraes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/11406-3 - SAYCARE study: South American youth/child cardiovascular and environmental study
Grantee:Heraclito Barbosa de Carvalho
Support type: Research Grants - Visiting Researcher Grant - International