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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Depleting high-abundant and enriching low-abundant proteins in human serum: An evaluation of sample preparation methods using magnetic nanoparticle, chemical depletion and immunoaffinity techniques

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Author(s):
de Jesus, Jemmyson Romario ; Fernandes, Rafael da Silva ; Pessoa, Gustavo de Souza ; Raimundo, Jr., Ivo Milton ; Zezzi Arruda, Marco Aurelio
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Talanta; v. 170, p. 199-209, AUG 1 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 9
Abstract

The efficiency of three different depletion methods to remove the most abundant proteins, enriching those human serum proteins with low abundance is checked to make more efficient the search and discovery of biomarkers. These methods utilize magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), chemical reagents (sequential application of dithiothreitol and acetonitrile, DTT/ACN), and commercial apparatus based on immunoaffinity (ProteoMiner, PM). The comparison between methods shows significant removal of abundant protein, remaining in the supernatant at concentrations of 4.6 +/- 0.2, 3.6 +/- 0.1, and 3.3 +/- 0.2 mu g mu L-1 (n=3) for MNPs, DTT/ACN and PM respectively, from a total protein content of 54 mu g mu L-1. Using GeLC-MS/MS analysis, MNPs depletion shows good efficiency in removing high molecular weight proteins (>80 kDa). Due to the synergic effect between the reagents DTT and ACN, DTP/ACN-based depletion offers good performance in the depletion of thiol-rich proteins, such as albumin and transferrin (D17 action), as well as of high molecular weight proteins (ACN action). Furthermore, PM equalization confirms its efficiency in concentrating low-abundant proteins, decreasing the dynamic range of protein levels in human serum. Direct comparison between the treatments reveals 72 proteins identified when using MNP depletion (43 of them exclusively by this method), but only 20 proteins using DTT/ACN (seven exclusively by this method). Additionally, after PM treatment 30 proteins were identified, seven exclusively by this method. Thus, MNPs and DTT/ACN depletion can be simple, quick, cheap, and robust alternatives for immunochemistry-based protein depletion, providing a potential strategy in the search for disease biomarkers. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57808-1 - National Institute of Advanced Analytical Science and Technology
Grantee:Celio Pasquini
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants