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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The Role of Solar Wind Structures in the Generation of ULF Waves in the Inner Magnetosphere

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Author(s):
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Alves, L. R. ; Souza, V. M. ; Jauer, P. R. ; da Silva, L. A. ; Medeiros, C. ; Braga, C. R. ; Alves, M. V. ; Koga, D. ; Marchezi, J. P. ; de Mendonca, R. R. S. ; Dallaqua, R. S. ; Barbosa, M. V. G. ; Rockenbach, M. ; Dal Lago, A. ; Mendes, O. ; Vieira, L. E. A. ; Banik, M. ; Sibeck, D. G. ; Kanekal, S. G. ; Baker, D. N. ; Wygant, J. R. ; Kletzing, C. A.
Total Authors: 22
Document type: Journal article
Source: SOLAR PHYSICS; v. 292, n. 7 JUL 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

The plasma of the solar wind incident upon the Earth's magnetosphere can produce several types of geoeffective events. Among them, an important phenomenon consists of the interrelation of the magnetospheric-ionospheric current systems and the charged-particle population of the Earth's Van Allen radiation belts. Ultra-low-frequency (ULF) waves resonantly interacting with such particles have been claimed to play a major role in the energetic particle flux changes, particularly at the outer radiation belt, which is mainly composed of electrons at relativistic energies. In this article, we use global magnetohydrodynamic simulations along with in situ and ground-based observations to evaluate the ability of two different solar wind transient (SWT) events to generate ULF (few to tens of mHz) waves in the equatorial region of the inner magnetosphere. Magnetic field and plasma data from the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) satellite were used to characterize these two SWT events as being a sector boundary crossing (SBC) on 24 September 2013, and an interplanetary coronal mass ejection (ICME) in conjunction with a shock on 2 October 2013. Associated with these events, the twin Van Allen Probes measured a depletion of the outer belt relativistic electron flux concurrent with magnetic and electric field power spectra consistent with ULF waves. Two ground-based observatories apart in 90 degrees. longitude also showed evidence of ULF-wave activity for the two SWT events. Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation results show that the ULF-like oscillations in the modeled electric and magnetic fields observed during both events are a result from the SWT coupling to the magnetosphere. The analysis of the MHD simulation results together with the observations leads to the conclusion that the two SWT structures analyzed in this article can be geoeffective on different levels, with each one leading to distinct ring current intensities, but both SWTs are related to the same disturbance in the outer radiation belt, i.e. a dropout in the relativistic electron fluxes. Therefore, minor disturbances in the solar wind parameters, such as those related to an SBC, may initiate physical processes that are able to be geoeffective for the outer radiation belt. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/24711-6 - Study of coronal mass ejections and its corresponding interplanetary structures near the earth
Grantee:Carlos Roberto Braga
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/21229-9 - Numerical and observational analysis on the macroscopic aspect of the magnetic reconnection process at Earth's dayside magnetopause
Grantee:Vitor Moura Cardoso e Silva Souza
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate