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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Fuel cell and electrochemical studies of the ethanol electro-oxidation in alkaline media using PtAuIr/C as anodes

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Author(s):
da Silva, Sirlane G. ; Fontes, Eric H. ; Assumpcao, Monica H. M. T. ; Linardi, Marcelo ; Spinace, Estevam ; Silva, Julio Cesar M. ; Neto, Almir O.
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: IONICS; v. 23, n. 9, p. 2367-2376, SEP 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Ethanol electro-oxidation reaction was investigated considering conventional electrochemical experiments in alkaline media, direct ethanol fuel cell (DEFC), and in situ ATR-FTIR. The working electrode/anodes were composed of monometallic Pt/C, Au/C, Ir/C, and trimetallic PtAuIr/C nanoparticles with atomic Pt/Au/Ir ratios of 40:50:10, 50:40:10, 60:30:10, 70:20:10, and 80:10:10. X-ray diffraction (XRD) suggests PtAuIr/C alloy formation, and according to transmission electron micrographs, the mean particle sizes are from 4 to 6 nm for all catalyst compositions. PtAuIr/C 40:50:10 showed the highest catalytic activity for ethanol electro-oxidation in the electrochemical experiments; using this material, the peak current density from ethanol electro-oxidation on cyclic voltammetry experiment was 50 mA per g of Pt, 3.5 times higher than that observed with Pt/C. The fuel cell performance was superior using all PtAuIr/C compositions than using Pt/C. Au/C and Ir/C presented very poor catalytic activity toward ethanol electro-oxidation. The improved results obtained using PtAuIr/C might be related to the OHads species formed at low overpotential on Ir and to the decrease on adsorption energy of poisoning intermediates on Pt sites, promoted by Au. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50279-4 - Brasil Research Centre for Gas Innovation
Grantee:Julio Romano Meneghini
Support type: Research Grants - Research Centers in Engineering Program
FAPESP's process: 14/09087-4 - Studies on the use of bioethanol in proton exchange membrane and solid oxide fuel cells
Grantee:Marcelo Linardi
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants