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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Automated Online Quantification Method for F-18-FDG Positron Emission Tomography/CT Improves Detection of the Epileptogenic Zone in Patients with Pharmacoresistant Epilepsy

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Coelho, Vanessa Cristina Mendes ; Morita, Marcia E. ; Amorim, Barbara J. ; Ramos, Celso Dar-O ; Yasuda, Clarissa L. ; Tedeschi, Helder ; Ghizoni, Enrico ; Cendes, Fernando
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN NEUROLOGY; v. 8, SEP 1 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 4

Aims: To assess the validity of an online method to quantitatively evaluate cerebral hypometabolism in patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy as a complement to the visual analysis of the F-18-FDG positron emission tomography (PET)/CT exam. Methods: A total of 39 patients with pharmacoresistant epilepsy and probable focal cortical dysplasia {[}22 patients with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) and 17 with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE)] underwent a presurgical evaluation including EEG, video-EEG, MRI, and F-18-FDG PET/CT. We conducted the automated quantification of their F-18-FDG PET/CT data and compared the results with those of the visual-PET analysis conducted by experienced nuclear medicine physicians. For each patient group, we calculated Cohen's Kappa coefficient for the visual and quantitative analyses, as well as each method's sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values. Results: For the TLE group, both the visual and quantitative analyses showed high agreement. Thus, although the quantitative analysis could be used as a complement, the visual analysis on its own was consistent and precise. For the FLE group, on the other hand, the visual analysis categorized almost half of the cases as normal, revealing very low agreement. For those patients, the quantitative analysis proved critical to identify the focal hypometabolism characteristic of the epileptogenic zone. Our results suggest that the quantitative analysis of F-18-FDG PET/CT data is critical for patients with extratemporal epilepsies, and especially those with subtle MRI findings. Furthermore, it can easily be used during the routine clinical evaluation of F-18-FDG PET/CT exams. Significance: Our results show that quantification of F-18-FDG PET is an informative complementary method that can be added to the routine visual evaluation of patients with subtle lesions, particularly those in the frontal lobes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/07559-3 - BRAINN - The Brazilian Institute of Neuroscience and Neurotechnology
Grantee:Fernando Cendes
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC