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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Determination of the Accuracy of 5 Electronic Apex Locators in the Function of Different Employment Protocols

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Oliveira, Tiago Nepomuceno ; Vivacqua-Gomes, Nilton [1] ; Bernardes, Ricardo Affonso [2] ; Vivan, Rodrigo Ricci [3] ; Hungaro Duarte, Marco Antonio [3] ; Vasconcelos, Bruno Carvalho [4]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Sao Leopoldo Mandic Univ, Sch Dent Ceara, Fortaleza, Ceara - Brazil
[2] Brazilian Dent Assoc, Taguatinga, DF - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Bauru Dent Sch, Dept Dent Endodont & Dent Mat, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Ceara, Sch Dent Sobral, Campus Sobral, BR-62010590 Sobral, Ceara - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ENDODONTICS; v. 43, n. 10, p. 1663-1667, OCT 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of 5 electronic apex locators (EALs): Root ZX II (RZX; J Morita, Tokyo, Japan), Raypex 6 (RAY; VDW GmbH, Munich, Germany), Apex ID (AID; SybronEndo, Orange, CA), Propex II (PRO; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), and Propex Pixi (PIXI, Dentsply Maillefer) when used in the following protocols: (1) 1.0, insertion up to 1.0 mm below the apical foramen (AF); (2) 0.0/-1.0, insertion until the AF and withdrawn 1.0 mm short of the AF; (3) 0.0, insertion until the AF; and (4) over/0.0, insertion until ``over{''} and withdrawal to AF. Methods: Thirty human lower premolars had coronary accesses and cervical and middle thirds preparations performed, allowing AF standardization (200 Am). Using an alginate experimental model, root canal length (RCL) measurements were performed sequentially with EALs following each of the protocols. Results: Considering the suggested protocols, the lowest mean error values were observed in 0.0, 0.10 mm (RZX), 0.13 mm (RAY), 0.16 mm (AID), 0.23 mm (PRO), and 0.10 mm (PIXI), without a significant difference for over/0.0 (P >.05). Comparing the results obtained in 0.0 with those found in 1.0 and 0.0/-1.0, significant differences were observed for most EALs (P <.05). For the comparison between EALs, significant differences were observed only in protocols 1.0 and over/0.0 (P <.05). Conclusions: Under the conditions of the study, it was concluded that, regardless of the mechanism of the device, the best results were found when electronic RCL measurement was performed at the AF; furthermore, the electronic withdrawal did not offer any additional advantage over the reach of the AF. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/00245-1 - Evaluation of physicochemical properties of an experimental mineral trioxide aggregate based sealer, determination of its compatibility with new root canal obturating system, and assessement of quality and stability of fillings performed with it.
Grantee:Bruno Carvalho de Vasconcelos
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate