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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A Miocene wave-dominated estuarine system in the Paraiba Basin, northeastern Brazil

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Author(s):
Gandini, Rosana [1] ; Rossetti, Dilce de Fatima [2] ; Netto, Renata Guimarades [3] ; Goes, Ana Maria [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geosci, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Brazilian Natl Inst Space Res INPE, Div Remote Sensing, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[3] UNISINOS Univ, Grad Sch Geol, Sao Leopoldo, RS - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of South American Earth Sciences; v. 79, p. 264-280, NOV 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

A number of publications have documented the effect of the Miocene transgression on several coasts of the world. However, this event is incompletely documented along the Brazilian margin, despite the existence of an impressive record of Miocene deposits exposed mostly as several coastal cliffs along more than 5000 km of distance. The transgressive nature of Miocene deposits, so far recognized only in a few localities of northeastern Brazil, needs to be amplified in order to better characterize the impact of the Miocene transgression in eastern South America. In this work, we provide facies analysis of early/middle Miocene strata exposed in the Paraiba Basin, northeastern Brazil, aiming reconstruct the depositional paleoenvironments and analyze their evolution within the context of relative sea-level fluctuations data. The results revealed deposits characterized by several features that were related to the action of tidal currents, such as alternating thicker/thinner forest packages, abundant reactivation surfaces, mud drapes and oppositely-dipping (herringbone) cross sets. These sedimentary structures were associated with an ichnological assemblage indicative of marine-influenced and brackish water, best represented by Ophiomorpha, Planolites-Palaeophycus-Thalassinoides and Thallassinoides-Planolites-Palaeophycus ichnofabrics. Sedimentation occurred in environments consisting of estuarine channel, estuarine central basin, tidal inlet/tidal channel, tidal delta/washover, tidal flat/shoal and foreshore, which were related to an estuarine setting, at least in part of a wave-dominated type. Analysis of facies stratal patterns led to suggest that the estuarine deposits of the Paraiba Basin reflect a rise in relative sea level probably during the transgressive and/or highstand stage of a depositional sequence formed directly overlying Cretaceous rocks. This rise can be correlated with the worldwide early/mid Miocene marine transgression. However, while the eustatic sea level remained rising through the middle Miocene, the estuarine sedimentation in the study area was cut off, being replaced by a regional unconformity marked by lateritic paleosols. Thus, a relative sea-level fall is recorded in the Paraiba Basin while the eustatic sea level remained rising through the middle Miocene, before its fall in the Tortonian. It follows that other factors, such as tectonics, is proposed to explain the mid-Miocene fall in sea level along the Paraiba coast, while the eustatic sea level was rising. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/06010-5 - Post-rift tectonosedimentary evolution of the Paraíba basin, Northeastern Brazil
Grantee:Dilce de Fátima Rossetti
Support type: Regular Research Grants