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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Direct and indirect resistance of sugarcane to Diatraea saccharalis induced by jasmonic acid

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Author(s):
Sanches, P. A. [1] ; Santos, F. [1] ; Penaflor, M. F. G. V. [2] ; Bento, J. M. S. [1]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Entomol & Acarol, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr ESALQ USP, Av Padua Dias 11, Mailbox 9, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Lavras UFLA, Dept Entomol, Mailbox 3037, Lavras, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: BULLETIN OF ENTOMOLOGICAL RESEARCH; v. 107, n. 6, p. 828-838, DEC 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 4
Abstract

Treating plants with synthetic jasmonic acid (JA) induces a defensive response similar to herbivore attack, and is a potential strategy for integrated pest management. Despite the importance of sugarcane, its JA-induced defences have not yet been studied. We investigated the effects of JA treatment on the direct and indirect resistance of sugarcane to the key-pest and specialist herbivore Diatraea saccharalis and the generalist Spodoptera frugiperda. Indirect defences were examined by testing the attraction of Cotesia flavipes, a sugarcane-borer parasitoid, to JA-induced volatile. The results showed that JA-treated sugarcane did not affect the weight gain of the two larvae. However, in dual-choice assays, both species preferred to feed on mock rather than JA-treated plants. Leaf colorimetric analyses showed that visual cues are unlikely to be involved in larval preference, whereas results from olfactometric assays revealed that D. saccharalis preferred JA-induced over mock plant volatiles. After 48 h of treatment, JA-treated plants emitted a volatile blend attractive to C. flavipes, comprised mainly of sesquiterpenes. However, the parasitoid did not discriminate JA-treated from host-damaged plant volatiles. When the wasps were given a choice between JA-treated and JA-treated + host-damaged plants, they preferred the latter, which emitted a more complex blend, suggesting that JA treatment likely does not hamper host-finding. We concluded that JA induces the emission of volatiles that are attractive to the sugarcane borer parasitoid, as well as an antixenosis type of resistance in sugarcane against the two pests, although neither volatiles nor visual cues alone are involved in the underlying mechanism. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/12252-1 - Effect of multiple herbivory and red rot infection on induced resistance mechanisms of sugarcane
Grantee:Maria Fernanda Gomes Villalba Peñaflor
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/05367-0 - Sugarcane induced defenses against multiple attack and root herbivory
Grantee:José Maurício Simões Bento
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 08/57701-2 - Technological bases for identification, synthesis and use of semiochemicals in agriculture
Grantee:José Roberto Postali Parra
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants