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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of the Pleistocene on the mitochondrial population genetic structure and demographic history of the silky shark (Carcharhinus falciformis) in the western Atlantic Ocean

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Domingues, Rodrigo R. [1, 2] ; Hilsdorf, Alexandre W. S. [3] ; Shivji, Mahmood M. [4, 5] ; Hazin, Fabio V. H. [6] ; Gadig, Otto B. F. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias Rio Claro, Ave 24-A, 1515, BR-11350690 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Lab Pesquisa Elasmobranquios, Campus Litoral Paulista, BR-11330900 Sao Vicente, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Mogi das Cruzes, Nucl Integrado Biotecnol, POB 411, BR-08701970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Nova Southeastern Univ, Save Our Seas Shark Res Ctr USA, 8000 North Ocean Dr, Dania, FL 33004 - USA
[5] Nova Southeastern Univ, Guy Harvey Res Inst, 8000 North Ocean Dr, Dania, FL 33004 - USA
[6] Univ Fed Rural Pernambuco, Dept Pesca & Aquicultura, Lab Oceanog Pesqueira, Rua Dom Manoel de Medeiros S-N, BR-52171032 Recife, PE - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries; v. 28, n. 1, p. 213-227, MAR 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 7

The silky shark, Carcharhinus falciformis, is a large-bodied, oceanic-coastal, epipelagic species found worldwide in tropical and subtropical waters. Despite its commercial importance, concerns about overexploitation, and likely ecological significance of this shark as an upper trophic-level predator, understanding of its population dynamics remains unclear for large parts of its distribution. We investigated the genetic diversity, population structure and demographic history of the silky shark along the western Atlantic Ocean based on the use of 707 bp of the mitochondrial DNA control region (mtCR). A total of 211 silky sharks were sampled, originating from five areas along the western Atlantic Ocean. The mitochondrial sequences revealed 40 haplotypes, with overall haplotype and nucleotide diversities of 0.88 (+/- 0.012) and 0.005 (+/- 0.003), respectively. The overall population structure was significantly different among the five western Atlantic Ocean regions. Phylogenetic analysis of mtCR sequences from globally sourced silky shark samples revealed two lineages, comprising a western Atlantic lineage and western Atlantic-Indo-Pacific lineage that diverged during the Pleistocene Epoch. In general, tests for the demographic history of silky sharks supported a population expansion for both the global sample set and the two lineages. Although our results showed that silky sharks have high genetic diversity, the current high level of overexploitation of this species requires long-term, scientifically informed management efforts. We recommend that fishery management and conservation plans be done separately for the two western Atlantic matrilineal populations revealed here. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/08675-7 - Genetic Connectivity, Phylogeography and Pelagic Sharks Conservation in the Western Atlantic Ocean
Grantee:Rodrigo Rodrigues Domingues
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate