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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Capsaicin reduces genotoxicity, colonic cell proliferation and preneoplastic lesions induced by 1,2-dimethylhydrazine in rats

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Ramos Caetano, Brunno Felipe [1] ; Tablas, Mariana Baptista [2] ; Ferreira Pereira, Natalia Elias [2] ; de Moura, Nelci Antunes [2] ; Carvalho, Robson Francisco [2] ; Marchesan Rodrigues, Maria Aparecida [1] ; Barbisan, Luis Fernando [2]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Med Sch, Dept Pathol, BR-18618687 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biosci, Dept Morphol, BR-18618689 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology; v. 338, p. 93-102, JAN 1 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 3

Capsaicin (8-Methyl-N-vanillyl-(trans)-6-nonenamide) is the major pungent ingredient found in chili peppers consumed worldwide. Most reports on capsaicin potential carcinogenicity have yielded inconsistent findings. Some studies have shown that capsaicin exerts anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effects on different cancer cell lines, while others have reported an association between capsaicin at high doses with mutagenicity and carcinogenicity. Thus, this study aimed at assessing the effects of capsaicin administration on 1,2-dimethyl-hydrazine (DMH)-induced colon carcinogenesis in male Wistar rats. Our results show that capsaicin administration, before and during carcinogen exposure, modified DMH-induced cytotoxicity and genotoxicity, promoting anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic responses through the expression of the genes involved in apoptosis, cell cycle suppression and cell/tissue differentiation. Furthermore, capsaicin reduced aberrant crypt foci (ACF) number and multiplicity, although there were no differences in tumor incidence and multiplicity among the groups. Taken together, the results suggest that capsaicin may have a preventive effect against DMH-induced colorectal carcinogenesis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/24762-0 - Chemopreventive activity of capsaicin on the initiation and/or promotion stages of rat colon carcinogenesis
Grantee:Maria Aparecida Marchesan Rodrigues Kobayasi
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/21951-6 - Effects of capsaicin on the chemical initiation of colon carcinogenesis in rats.
Grantee:Brunno Felipe Ramos Caetano
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master