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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Hunting as the Main Technique Used to Control Wild Pigs in Brazil

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Da Rosa, Clarissa Alves [1] ; Wallau, Marcelo Osorio [2] ; Pedrosa, Felipe [3]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Alto Montana Inst, Res Dept, BR-37466000 Itamonte, MG - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Grazing Ecol Res Grp, BR-91507370 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biosci, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: WILDLIFE SOCIETY BULLETIN; v. 42, n. 1, p. 111-118, MAR 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Wild pigs (Sus scrofa) have expanded their range in Brazil since late 1980s, with reports of damage becoming more frequent in recent years. In 2013, use of lethal methods for wild pig control was legalized by the federal environmental agency. However, several restrictions related to the purchase and transportation of guns and ammunition hamper the ability to evaluate the effectiveness of control measures. Nevertheless, many citizens engaged in wild pig control in Brazil do not officially report their control activities as required by the legislation. Our goal was to characterize the profile of wild pig controllers in Brazil to understand their methods and motivations, estimate the number of wild pigs killed per person per year, and evaluate current regulations regarding their applicability to the situations observed in the field. We formulated and distributed a structured questionnaire distributed in 2014 and 2015 to pig controllers (n = 172), including both hunters and nonhunters. Respondents reported killing 2,389 wild pigs, and killing an average of 17.2 (SE = 24.8) pigs/respondent/year, with male and female pigs killed in the same proportion. Forty percent of respondents were acting illegally. Hunters primarily controlled wild pigs to defend third-party properties. Volunteers provided most of the effort toward controlling wild pigs in Brazil and farmers suffered most of the impacts. Therefore, we believe that adjusting the approach to use of hunting after crop harvest, or implementing an integrated program of hunting and traps placed around crops, could be an important new management tool for reducing wild pig population and crop damage. Further, to enhance wild pig control in Brazil, we recommend incentivizing use of corral traps and cages because such techniques have the greatest effect on reducing wild pig population. (C) 2018 The Wildlife Society. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/18381-6 - Reversing defaunation or increasing ecological degradation? Invasion ecology of feral pigs Sus scrofa in a defaunated landscape
Grantee:Felipe Pedrosa Chagas
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 14/50434-0 - Assessing ecosystem services of invasive fruits and frugivores
Grantee:Mauro Galetti Rodrigues
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants